Harry Potter and The Order of the Phoenix Book

Harry Potter and The Order of the Phoenix by Joanne Rowling

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Joanne Rowling

A book by Joanne Rowling

Joanne Rowling (English Joanne Rowling ) British writer. Uses the pseudonym Robert Galbraith for detectives. J.K.

Rowling was born on July 31, 1965 in Chipping Sodbury, Gloucestershire, near Bristol, and became the eldest of two daughters in the family. When the future writer was nine years old, the Rowlings moved to the city of Chepstow in County Gwent (Wales). After graduating from high school there in 1983, Rowling entered the University of Exeter, where she studied French. This gave her the opportunity to spend a year in Paris. After graduating from university, receiving a Bachelor of Arts degree, Rowling moved to London, where she changed several jobs. She spent most of her time with the international human rights organization Amnesty International. In 1990, the future writer moved to Manchester, and then she first came up with the idea of ​​a children`s book about a wizard boy. In the same 1990, Rowling`s mother died of multiple sclerosis. A few months later, Joan got a job as an English teacher in Porto, Portugal`s second largest city. In Port Rowling met her future husband, TV journalist Jorge Arantes. They got married in 1992, from which they had a daughter, Jessica. Pretty soon, Rowling and Arantes parted: her husband, according to the writer, literally kicked her and her daughter out of the house. By Christmas 1994, Rowling returned to the UK. Together with her daughter, she moved to Edinburgh, where her younger sister Dee lived at the time. By this time, much of the first novel, Harry Potter and the Sorcerer`s Stone, had already been written. In an effort to complete the book, Rowling did not take a permanent job and finished the novel in cafes, including in the popular Nicolson`s, owned by her relative. In 1995, Rowling sent a white paper version of the novel to two literary agents, with the first returning the text almost immediately, not considering it promising, and the second - Christopher Little - still undertook to attach the manuscript. He succeeded a year later: "Harry Potter" interested a small London publishing house Bloomsbury. His co-worker Barry Cunningham offered the writer a modest advance (£ 1,500) in August 1996, which Rowling readily accepted. The first edition of "Harry Potter and the Philosopher`s Stone" came out in 1997 and amounted to only a thousand copies, half of which went to children`s libraries. The book did not make much of an impression, but critics did notice it. Scottish organization The Scottish Art Council has provided Rowling with a grant so that she can begin the second volume of the "Potterians". In the same year, at a professional fair for children`s literature publishers in Bologna, Barry Cunningham managed to sell the rights to the American edition of Harry Potter to the Scholastiс publishing house, which offered the writer an unusually large advance for a debutante - 105 thousand dollars. The writer had, however, to change the title of the book to "Harry Potter and the Sorcerer`s Stone" ("Harry Potter and the sorcerer`s stone"). Subsequently, she never adapted the titles of the novels for the American audience. The second Harry Potter book ("Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets") appeared in 1998. In the same year, the Warner Bros. bought the rights to film two of Rowling`s novels. They were released in 2001 and 2002, respectively. Both were directed by Chris Columbus. Rowling herself wanted to see Terry Gilliam as the director of the films, but the choice remained with the studio. The third and fourth novels ("Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban" and "Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire", in Russian translations respectively "Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban" and "Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire") were published in 1999 and 2000 years. Their adaptations appeared in 2004 and 2006, respectively. Right after Christmas 2001 (December 26) J.K.

Rowling remarried. This time, Edinburgh anesthesiologist Neil Scott Murray became her chosen one. The birth of two children (in March 2003 the couple had a son, David Gordon Rowling Murray, and in January 2005, a daughter of Mackenzie Jean Rowling Murray, Mackenzie Jean Rowling Murray) slowed down work on new sequels to "Potteriana". The fifth book ("Harry Potter and the Order of Phoenix", "Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix") was published in 2003, its film adaptation saw the world in 2007, and the sixth ("Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince", "Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince ") - in 2005, which premiered in 2009. The seventh and final novel in the series, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, hit stores in the United Kingdom and the United States, as well as several other countries, at midnight on July 21, 2007 local time. The premiere of Rowling`s book was preceded by a series of leaks: several hackers and pirates posted a synopsis, and then digital photos of the American edition of the book on the Internet. An investigation undertaken by the Scholastic publishers revealed the sources of the leaked photos: they turned out to be Levy Home Entertainment (LHE) and DeepDiscount.com, which despite the embargo delivered about 1,200 copies of the novel to American readers. Someone from the buyers uploaded the reprinted pages of "Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows" to the file-sharing networks. In addition, two days before the publication of the novel, The New York Times published a review of the novel, written by the leading critic of the publication Michiko Kakutani. The author admitted that she bought the book from one of the New York stores, which also violated the embargo. Rowling and publishers Bloomsbury and Scholastic have asked those who already have copies of the novel to "not spoil the pleasure of other readers." The adaptation of the latest book "Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows" is a 2-part film, the first of which was released in 2010, and the second is due to appear in 2011. Rowling did not mind this division. Rowling has repeatedly assured that the seventh novel will be the last in the series, but on the eve of its release, she did not rule out that she would write a continuation of the adventures of her heroes in the future. Her agent also announced that the writer plans to publish an encyclopedia of characters and realities from her novels. The total worldwide circulation of the first six Harry Potter novels was 325 million. In March 2007, the fortune of 41-year-old Rowling was estimated by Forbes magazine at a billion dollars. Since 2004, Rowling has been the richest woman in the UK. Harry Potter novels have brought the writer many awards, including the Nestle Smarties Gold Award (three times), British Book Awards, Children`s Book Award (twice), The Booksellers Association / The Bookseller Author of the Year Award (twice), Scottish Arts Council Children`s Book Award (twice), Spanish Prize of the Prince of Asturias. In 2000, Rowling became a Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire. Rowling does a lot of charity work. In particular, she supports the Single Parents Foundation and the Multiple Sclerosis Research Foundation, the disease from which her mother died. Rowling is named among the close friends of Sarah Brown, wife of the current British Prime Minister Gordon Brown. 20.10.2010 Lenta.ru The first winner of the Andersen Prize was J.K.

Rowling The first laureate of the Hans Christian Andersen Literary Prize was the British writer J.K.

Rowling, reports CBC News. This newly established award recognizes children`s writers for their closeness to Andersen`s ideas. The award ceremony took place on October 19 in Andersen`s homeland, in the Danish city of Odense. The monetary remuneration for the laureate of the prize is 500 thousand kroons (about 100 thousand dollars).

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