Letters Upon The Aesthetic Education of Man

Letters Upon The Aesthetic Education of Man by Friedrich Schiller

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Friedrich Schiller

A book by Friedrich Schiller

Johann Christoph Friedrich Schiller (10.11.1759, Marbach am Neckar - 09.05.1805, Weimar) is a German poet, philosopher, historian and playwright, a representative of the romantic trend in literature. Born November 10, 1759 in Marbach (Württemberg); a native of the lower ranks of the German burghers: his mother is from the family of a provincial baker-innkeeper, his father is a regimental paramedic. 1768 - Begins attending Latin school. 1773 - being a subject of the Duke of Württemberg Karl Eugene, the father is forced to send his son to the newly established military academy, where he begins to study law, although from childhood he dreamed of becoming a priest. 1775 - the academy is transferred to Stuttgart, the course of study is extended, and Schiller, leaving jurisprudence, begins to study medicine. 1780 - after completing the course, he receives a post as regimental doctor in Stuttgart. 1781 - publishes the drama "The Robbers" (Die Rauber), begun at the academy. The plot of the play is based on the enmity of two brothers, Karl and Franz Moorov; Karl is impetuous, courageous and, in essence, magnanimous; Franz, on the other hand, is an insidious villain, seeking to take away from his older brother not only the title and estates, but also the love of his cousin Amalia. For all the illogicality of the gloomy plot, the irregularities of the crude language and youthful immaturity, the tragedy captures the reader and the viewer with its energy and social pathos. The second edition of The Robbers (1782) has on the title page an image of a roaring lion with the motto "In tyrannos!" (lat.

"Against tyrants!"). The "robbers" prompted the French in 1792. make Schiller an honorary citizen of the new French Republic. 1782 - "The Robbers" staged in Mannheim; Schiller is present at the premiere without asking the sovereign for permission to leave the duchy. Hearing about the second visit to the Mannheim Theater, the Duke puts Schiller in the guardhouse, and later orders him to study only medicine. September 22, 1782 Schiller escapes from the Duchy of Württemberg. 1783 - apparently, no longer fearing the Duke`s revenge, the quartermaster of the Mannheim Theater Dahlberg appoints Schiller a "theater poet", having signed a contract with him to write plays for production on the Mannheim stage. Two dramas on which Schiller worked even before he fled Stuttgart - "The Fiesco Conspiracy in Genoa" (Die Verschworung des Fiesco zu Genua), a play based on the biography of the 16th century Genoese conspirator, and "Guile and Love" (Kabale und Liebe), the first in world drama "bourgeois tragedy" - staged at the Mannheim Theater, and the latter has great success. However, Dahlberg does not renew the contract, and Schiller finds himself in Mannheim in very tight financial circumstances, moreover, tormented by the torments of unrequited love. 1785 - Schiller writes one of his most famous works, An die Freude. Beethoven completed his 9th Symphony with a grandiose chorus to the text of this poem. 1785-1787 - accepts the invitation of one of his enthusiastic admirers, assistant professor G.Kerner, and visits him in Leipzig and Dresden. 1785-1791 - Schiller publishes a literary magazine, published irregularly and under various names (for example, "Thalia"). 1786 - Philosophische Briefe published. 1787 - the play "Don Carlos" (Don Carlos), which takes place at the court of the Spanish king Philip II. This drama ends the first period of Schiller`s dramatic career. 1787-1789 - Schiller leaves Dresden and lives in Weimar and its surroundings. 1788 - writes the poem "The Gods of Greece" (Gottern Griechenlands), in which the ancient world is shown as the center of joy, love and beauty. Also created a historical study "History of the fall of the Netherlands from Spanish rule" (Geschichte des Abfalls der vereinigten Niederlande von der spanischen Regierung).

Schiller meets with Goethe, who returned from Italy, but Goethe does not show any desire to maintain acquaintance. 1789 - Becomes Professor of World History at the University of Jena. 1790 - Marries Charlotte von Lengefeld. 1791-1793 - Schiller works on "The History of the Thirty Years War" (Die Geschichte des Drei? Igjahrigen Krieges). 1791-1794 - Crown Prince Fr.

Kr.

Von Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustinburg and Count E.

von Schimmelmann give Schiller a scholarship that allows him not to care about his daily bread. 1792-1796 - a number of Schiller`s philosophical essays are published: "Letters on aesthetic education" (Uber die asthetische Erziehung der des Menschen, in einer Reihe von Briefen), "On the tragic in art" (Uber die tragische Kunst), "On grace and dignity "(Uber Anmut und Wurde)," On the sublime "(Uber das Erhabene) and" On naive and sentimental poetry "(Uber naive und sentimentalische Dichtung). Schiller`s philosophical views are strongly influenced by I.

Kant. 1794 - The publisher I.Fr.Kott invites Schiller to publish the monthly magazine Ora. 1796 - the second period of Schiller`s dramatic work begins, when he subjects the turning points in the history of European peoples to artistic analysis. The first of these plays is the drama Wallenstein. Studying "The History of the Thirty Years War", Schiller finds in the Generalissimo of the imperial troops Wallenstein a dramatic figure grateful. The drama takes shape in 1799. and takes the form of a trilogy: Wallensteins Lager as the prologue and two five-act dramas, Die Piccolomini and Wallensteins Tod. In the same year, Schiller founded a periodical - the yearbook "Almanac of the Muses", where many of his works are published. In search of materials, Schiller turns to Goethe, and now the poets become close friends. 1797 - the so-called "ballad year", when Schiller and Goethe in a friendly competition create ballads, incl. Schiller - "Cup" (Der Taucher), "Glove" (Der Handschuh), "Polycratic ring" (Der Ring des Polykrates) and "Ivikovy cranes" (Die Kraniche des Ibykus), which came to the Russian reader in the translations of V.A.

Zhukovsky. In the same year, "Xenien" (Xenien), short satirical poems, is the fruit of the joint work of Goethe and Schiller. 1800 - the play "Mary Stuart" (Marie Stuart), illustrating the aesthetic thesis of Schiller that, for the sake of drama, it is perfectly acceptable to change and reshape historical events. Schiller did not bring political and religious issues to the fore in "Mary Stuart" and conditioned the denouement of the drama by the development of a conflict between the rival queens. 1801 - the play "The Maid of Orleans" (Die Jungfrau von Orleans), based on the story of Joan of Arc. Schiller gives free rein to fantasy, using the material of medieval legend, and admits his involvement in the new romantic movement, calling the play a "romantic tragedy." 1802 - Holy Roman Emperor Francis II grants Schiller the nobility. 1803 - "The Messinian Bride" (Die Braut von Messina) was written, in which Schiller, well-read in Greek drama, translating Euripides and studying Aristotle`s theory of drama, is experimentally trying to revive the forms characteristic of ancient tragedy, in particular, choirs, and in his individual interpretation embodies the ancient Greek understanding of fatal punishment. 1804 - the last completed play "Wilhelm Tell", conceived by Schiller as a "folk" drama. 1805 - work on the unfinished drama "Demetrius", dedicated to Russian history. May 9, 1805 - Schiller dies in Weimar.

Letters Upon The Aesthetic Education of Man PDF

Johann Christoph Friedrich Schiller (10.11.1759, Marbach am Neckar - 09.05.1805, Weimar) is a German poet, philosopher, historian and playwright, a representative of the romantic trend in literature. Born November 10, 1759 in Marbach (Württemberg); a native of the lower ranks of the German burghers: his mother is from the family of a provincial baker-innkeeper, his father is a regimental paramedic. 1768 - Begins attending Latin school. 1773 - being a subject of the Duke of Württemberg Karl Eugene, the father is forced to send his son to the newly established military academy, where he begins to study law, although from childhood he dreamed of becoming a priest. 1775 - the academy is transferred to Stuttgart, the course of study is extended, and Schiller, leaving jurisprudence, begins to study medicine. 1780 - after completing the course, he receives a post as regimental doctor in Stuttgart. 1781 - publishes the drama "The Robbers" (Die Rauber), begun at the academy. The plot of the play is based on the enmity of two brothers, Karl and Franz Moorov; Karl is impetuous, courageous and, in essence, magnanimous; Franz, on the other hand, is an insidious villain, seeking to take away from his older brother not only the title and estates, but also the love of his cousin Amalia. For all the illogicality of the gloomy plot, the irregularities of the crude language and youthful immaturity, the tragedy captures the reader and the viewer with its energy and social pathos. The second edition of The Robbers (1782) has on the title page an image of a roaring lion with the motto "In tyrannos!" (lat. "Against tyrants!"). The "robbers" prompted the French in 1792. make Schiller an honorary citizen of the new French Republic. 1782 - "The Robbers" staged in Mannheim; Schiller is present at the premiere without asking the sovereign for permission to leave the duchy. Hearing about the second visit to the Mannheim Theater, the Duke puts Schiller in the guardhouse, and later orders him to study only medicine. September 22, 1782 Schiller escapes from the Duchy of Württemberg. 1783 - apparently, no longer fearing the Duke`s revenge, the quartermaster of the Mannheim Theater Dahlberg appoints Schiller a "theater poet", having signed a contract with him to write plays for production on the Mannheim stage. Two dramas on which Schiller worked even before he fled Stuttgart - "The Fiesco Conspiracy in Genoa" (Die Verschworung des Fiesco zu Genua), a play based on the biography of the 16th century Genoese conspirator, and "Guile and Love" (Kabale und Liebe), the first in world drama "bourgeois tragedy" - staged at the Mannheim Theater, and the latter has great success. However, Dahlberg does not renew the contract, and Schiller finds himself in Mannheim in very tight financial circumstances, moreover, tormented by the torments of unrequited love. 1785 - Schiller writes one of his most famous works, An die Freude. Beethoven completed his 9th Symphony with a grandiose chorus to the text of this poem. 1785-1787 - accepts the invitation of one of his enthusiastic admirers, assistant professor G.Kerner, and visits him in Leipzig and Dresden. 1785-1791 - Schiller publishes a literary magazine, published irregularly and under various names (for example, "Thalia"). 1786 - Philosophische Briefe published. 1787 - the play "Don Carlos" (Don Carlos), which takes place at the court of the Spanish king Philip II. This drama ends the first period of Schiller`s dramatic career. 1787-1789 - Schiller leaves Dresden and lives in Weimar and its surroundings. 1788 - writes the poem "The Gods of Greece" (Gottern Griechenlands), in which the ancient world is shown as the center of joy, love and beauty. Also created a historical study "History of the fall of the Netherlands from Spanish rule" (Geschichte des Abfalls der vereinigten Niederlande von der spanischen Regierung). Schiller meets with Goethe, who returned from Italy, but Goethe does not show any desire to maintain acquaintance. 1789 - Becomes Professor of World History at the University of Jena. 1790 - Marries Charlotte von Lengefeld. 1791-1793 - Schiller works on "The History of the Thirty Years War" (Die Geschichte des Drei? Igjahrigen Krieges). 1791-1794 - Crown Prince Fr. Kr. Von Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustinburg and Count E. von Schimmelmann give Schiller a scholarship that allows him not to care about his daily bread. 1792-1796 - a number of Schiller`s philosophical essays are published: "Letters on aesthetic education" (Uber die asthetische Erziehung der des Menschen, in einer Reihe von Briefen), "On the tragic in art" (Uber die tragische Kunst), "On grace and dignity "(Uber Anmut und Wurde)," On the sublime "(Uber das Erhabene) and" On naive and sentimental poetry "(Uber naive und sentimentalische Dichtung). Schiller`s philosophical views are strongly influenced by I. Kant. 1794 - The publisher I.Fr.Kott invites Schiller to publish the monthly magazine Ora. 1796 - the second period of Schiller`s dramatic work begins, when he subjects the turning points in the history of European peoples to artistic analysis. The first of these plays is the drama Wallenstein. Studying "The History of the Thirty Years War", Schiller finds in the Generalissimo of the imperial troops Wallenstein a dramatic figure grateful. The drama takes shape in 1799. and takes the form of a trilogy: Wallensteins Lager as the prologue and two five-act dramas, Die Piccolomini and Wallensteins Tod. In the same year, Schiller founded a periodical - the yearbook "Almanac of the Muses", where many of his works are published. In search of materials, Schiller turns to Goethe, and now the poets become close friends. 1797 - the so-called "ballad year", when Schiller and Goethe in a friendly competition create ballads, incl. Schiller - "Cup" (Der Taucher), "Glove" (Der Handschuh), "Polycratic ring" (Der Ring des Polykrates) and "Ivikovy cranes" (Die Kraniche des Ibykus), which came to the Russian reader in the translations of V.A. Zhukovsky. In the same year, "Xenien" (Xenien), short satirical poems, is the fruit of the joint work of Goethe and Schiller. 1800 - the play "Mary Stuart" (Marie Stuart), illustrating the aesthetic thesis of Schiller that, for the sake of drama, it is perfectly acceptable to change and reshape historical events. Schiller did not bring political and religious issues to the fore in "Mary Stuart" and conditioned the denouement of the drama by the development of a conflict between the rival queens. 1801 - the play "The Maid of Orleans" (Die Jungfrau von Orleans), based on the story of Joan of Arc. Schiller gives free rein to fantasy, using the material of medieval legend, and admits his involvement in the new romantic movement, calling the play a "romantic tragedy." 1802 - Holy Roman Emperor Francis II grants Schiller the nobility. 1803 - "The Messinian Bride" (Die Braut von Messina) was written, in which Schiller, well-read in Greek drama, translating Euripides and studying Aristotle`s theory of drama, is experimentally trying to revive the forms characteristic of ancient tragedy, in particular, choirs, and in his individual interpretation embodies the ancient Greek understanding of fatal punishment. 1804 - the last completed play "Wilhelm Tell", conceived by Schiller as a "folk" drama. 1805 - work on the unfinished drama "Demetrius", dedicated to Russian history. May 9, 1805 - Schiller dies in Weimar.