A Burlesque Autobiography

A Burlesque Autobiography by Mark Twain

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Mark Twain

A book by Mark Twain

Mark Twain (English Mark Twain , real name Samuel Langhorne Clemens, English Samuel Langhorne Clemens ; November 30, 1835, Florida, Missouri - April 21, 1910, Redding, Connecticut, buried in Elmira, New York) - an outstanding American writer, journalist and public figure. [collapse collapsed title = Biography and creativity] His work covers many genres - realism, romanticism, humor, satire, philosophical fiction, journalism, etc., and in all these genres he invariably takes the position of a humanist and democrat. At the height of his career, he was probably the most popular figure in America. William Faulkner wrote that he was “the first truly American writer, and we have all been his heirs ever since,” and Ernest Hemingway wrote that “all modern American literature came from one book by Mark Twain called The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn "". Among Russian writers, Maxim Gorky and Alexander Kuprin spoke especially warmly about Mark Twain. Clemens claimed that the pseudonym "Mark Twain" was taken in his youth from the terms of river navigation. Then he was an assistant pilot in the Mississippi, and the term "mark twain" (literally - "mark two [fathoms]") called the minimum depth suitable for the passage of river vessels (this is 2 fathoms, 365.76 cm) [source?] In addition to Mark Twain, Clemens signed once in 1896 as Sieur Louis de Conte, under this name he published his novel Personal Memories of Jeanne d`Arc by Sieur Louis de Comte, her page and secretary "). Sam Clemens was born on November 30, 1835 in a small town in Florida (Missouri, USA); he later joked that when he was born, he increased its population by one percent. He was the third of four surviving children of John and Jane Clemens. When Sam was still a child, the family, in search of a better life, moved to the city of Hannibal (ibid., Missouri). It was this city and its inhabitants that were later described by Mark Twain in his famous works, especially in The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876). Clemens`s father died in 1847 of pneumonia, leaving behind many debts. The eldest son, Oraion, soon began publishing a newspaper, and Sam began to contribute as a typographer and sometimes as an author of articles. Some of the newspaper`s liveliest and most controversial articles came from the pen of a younger brother — usually when Orion was away. Sam himself also occasionally traveled to St.

Louis and New York. But the call of the Mississippi River ultimately drew Clemens into a career as a steamer pilot. A profession that, according to Clemens himself, he would have been engaged in all his life if the civil war had not put an end to the private shipping company in 1861. So Clemens was forced to look for another job. After a short acquaintance with the people`s militia (he colorfully described this experience in 1885), Clemens left the war to the west in July 1861. Then his brother Orion was offered the post of secretary to the governor of Nevada. Sam and Orion drove for two weeks across the prairie in a stagecoach to a Virginia mining town where silver was mined in Nevada. Twain`s experience in the Western United States shaped Twain as a writer and formed the basis for his second book. In Nevada, hoping to get rich, Sam Clemens became a miner and began to mine silver. He had to live in a camp for a long time with other prospectors - he later described this way of life in literature. But Clemens could not become a successful prospector, he had to leave the mining of silver and get a job in the newspaper "Territorial Enterprise" in the same place, in Virginia. In this newspaper, he first used the pseudonym "Mark Twain". And in 1864 he moved to San Francisco, California, where he began writing for several newspapers at the same time. In 1865, Twain had his first literary success, his humorous story "The Famous Jumping Frog of Calaveras" was reprinted throughout the country and called "the best work of humorous literature created in America at this time." In the spring of 1866, Twain was posted to Hawaii by the Sacramento Union newspaper. During the journey, he had to write letters about his adventures. Upon his return to San Francisco, these letters were a resounding success. Colonel John McComb, publisher of the Alta California newspaper, invited Twain to tour the state, giving fascinating lectures. The lectures immediately became wildly popular, and Twain traveled all over the state, entertaining the audience and collecting a dollar from each listener.  First book Twain achieved his first success as a writer on another journey. In 1867, he asked Colonel McComb to sponsor his trip to Europe and the Middle East. In June, as Alta California`s correspondent for the New York Tribune, Twain travels on the steamboat Quaker City to Europe. In August, he also visited Odessa, Yalta and Sevastopol (the "Odessa Bulletin" of August 24 contains the "Address" of American tourists, written by Twain.

Letters written by him during his travels in Europe were sent and printed in the newspaper.

And upon his return, these letters formed the basis of the book "Simpletons Abroad." The book was published in 1869, distributed by subscription and was a huge success.

Until the very end of his life, many people knew Twain as the author of "Simpletons Abroad." During his writing career, Twain traveled throughout Europe, Asia, Africa, and even Australia.

In 1870, at the height of his success with Simpletons Abroad, Twain married Olivia Langdon and moved to Buffalo, New York.

From there he moved to Hartford, Connecticut.

he lectured frequently in the United States and England, then began to write poignant satire, sharply criticizing American society and politicians, this is especially noticeable in the collection Life on the Mississippi, written in 1883.

Creative career Himself Twain`s greatest contribution to American and world literature is considered to be The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. It is considered by many to be the best piece of literature ever produced in the United States. Also very popular are "The Adventures of Tom Sawyer", "Yankees from Connecticut at the Court of King Arthur" and a collection of documentary sketches "Life on the Mississippi." Mark Twain began his career with humorous couplets, and ended with eerie and almost vulgar chronicles of human vanity, hypocrisy and even murder. Twain was an excellent speaker. He helped create and popularize American literature as such, with its distinctive themes and vibrant, unusual language. Having gained recognition and fame, Mark Twain devoted a lot of time to finding young literary talent and helping them to break through, using his influence and the publishing company he acquired. Twain was fond of science and scientific problems. He was very friendly with Nikola Tesla, they spent a lot of time together in Tesla`s laboratory. In his work "A Yankee from Connecticut at the Court of King Arthur," Twain introduced time travel, as a result of which many modern technologies were introduced in England during the time of King Arthur. The technical details given in the novel testify to Twain`s good acquaintance with the achievements of contemporary science. Two of Mark Twain`s other most famous hobbies were billiards and pipe smoking. Visitors to the Twain house sometimes said that the tobacco smoke was so thick in the writer`s office that the owner himself was almost impossible to see. Twain was a prominent figure in the American Anti-Imperial League, which protested against the American annexation of the Philippines. In response to the bloody massacre, which killed about 600 people, he wrote The Incident in the Philippines, but the work was not published until 1924, 14 years after Twain`s death. Recently, there have been attempts in the United States to ban The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn due to naturalistic descriptions and verbal expressions that offend African Americans. Although Twain was an opponent of racism and imperialism and in his rejection of racism went much further than his contemporaries, there are indeed elements in his books that in our time can be perceived as racism. Many of the terms that were in common use during the time of Mark Twain now really sound like racial slurs. Mark Twain himself was ironic about censorship. When the public library in Massachusetts decided to withdraw The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn from the fund in 1885, Twain wrote to his publisher: They removed Huck from the library as "trash suitable only for slums", because of this we will undoubtedly sell 25 thousand more copies of the book.

... From time to time, some of Twain`s works were banned by the American censorship for various reasons. This was mainly due to the active civic and social position of the writer. Some works that could offend the religious feelings of people, Twain did not publish at the request of his family. For example, The Mysterious Stranger remained unpublished until 1916. And Twain`s most controversial work was perhaps a humorous lecture in a Parisian club, published under the title Reflections on the Science of Masturbation. The central message of the lecture was: "If you really need to risk your life on the sexual front, then don`t masturbate too much." The essay was published only in 1943 in a limited edition of 50 copies. Several more anti-religious works remained unpublished until the 1940s.  Later years Mark Twain`s successes gradually began to fade. Until his death in 1910, he survived the loss of three of four children, and his beloved wife Olivia also died. In his later years, Twain was deeply depressed, but could still joke. In response to the erroneous obituary in the New York Journal, he famously said, "The rumors of my death are greatly exaggerated." Twain`s financial position was also shaken: his publishing company went bankrupt; he invested a lot of money in a new model of the printing press, which never went into production; plagiarists stole the rights to several of his books. In 1893, Twain was introduced to oil tycoon Henry Rogers, one of the directors of Standard Oil. Rogers helped Twain reorganize his finances profitably, and the two became close friends. Twain often visited Rogers, they drank and played poker. We can say that Twain even became a member of the family for the Rogers. Rogers` sudden death in 1909 deeply shocked Twain. Although Mark Twain publicly thanked Rogers multiple times for saving him from financial ruin, it became clear that their friendship was mutually beneficial. Apparently, Twain significantly influenced the softening of the tough temper of the oil tycoon, who had the nickname "Cerberus Rogers". After Rogers` death, his papers showed that his friendship with the famous writer made a real philanthropist and philanthropist out of a ruthless curmudgeon. During his friendship with Twain, Rogers began to actively support education, organizing educational programs, especially for African Americans and talented people with disabilities. Twain himself died on April 21, 1910 from angina pectoris (angina pectoris). A year before his death, he said: "I came in 1835 with Halley`s Comet, a year later it arrives again, and I expect to leave with it." And so it happened. In the city of Hannibal, Missouri, there is a house in which Sam Clemens played as a boy, and the caves that he explored as a child, and which were later described in the famous "The Adventures of Tom Sawyer", now tourists come there. Mark Twain`s home in Hartford has been converted into his personal museum and declared a National Historic Landmark in the United States. A crater on Mercury is named after Mark Twain. [/ collapse] Author`s Wikipedia page

A Burlesque Autobiography PDF

Mark Twain (English Mark Twain , real name Samuel Langhorne Clemens, English Samuel Langhorne Clemens ; November 30, 1835, Florida, Missouri - April 21, 1910, Redding, Connecticut, buried in Elmira, New York) - an outstanding American writer, journalist and public figure. [collapse collapsed title = Biography and creativity] His work covers many genres - realism, romanticism, humor, satire, philosophical fiction, journalism, etc., and in all these genres he invariably takes the position of a humanist and democrat. At the height of his career, he was probably the most popular figure in America. William Faulkner wrote that he was “the first truly American writer, and we have all been his heirs ever since,” and Ernest Hemingway wrote that “all modern American literature came from one book by Mark Twain called The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn "". Among Russian writers, Maxim Gorky and Alexander Kuprin spoke especially warmly about Mark Twain. Clemens claimed that the pseudonym "Mark Twain" was taken in his youth from the terms of river navigation. Then he was an assistant pilot in the Mississippi, and the term "mark twain" (literally - "mark two [fathoms]") called the minimum depth suitable for the passage of river vessels (this is 2 fathoms, 365.76 cm) [source?] In addition to Mark Twain, Clemens signed once in 1896 as Sieur Louis de Conte, under this name he published his novel Personal Memories of Jeanne d`Arc by Sieur Louis de Comte, her page and secretary "). Sam Clemens was born on November 30, 1835 in a small town in Florida (Missouri, USA); he later joked that when he was born, he increased its population by one percent. He was the third of four surviving children of John and Jane Clemens. When Sam was still a child, the family, in search of a better life, moved to the city of Hannibal (ibid., Missouri). It was this city and its inhabitants that were later described by Mark Twain in his famous works, especially in The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876). Clemens`s father died in 1847 of pneumonia, leaving behind many debts. The eldest son, Oraion, soon began publishing a newspaper, and Sam began to contribute as a typographer and sometimes as an author of articles. Some of the newspaper`s liveliest and most controversial articles came from the pen of a younger brother — usually when Orion was away. Sam himself also occasionally traveled to St. Louis and New York. But the call of the Mississippi River ultimately drew Clemens into a career as a steamer pilot. A profession that, according to Clemens himself, he would have been engaged in all his life if the civil war had not put an end to the private shipping company in 1861. So Clemens was forced to look for another job. After a short acquaintance with the people`s militia (he colorfully described this experience in 1885), Clemens left the war to the west in July 1861. Then his brother Orion was offered the post of secretary to the governor of Nevada. Sam and Orion drove for two weeks across the prairie in a stagecoach to a Virginia mining town where silver was mined in Nevada. Twain`s experience in the Western United States shaped Twain as a writer and formed the basis for his second book. In Nevada, hoping to get rich, Sam Clemens became a miner and began to mine silver. He had to live in a camp for a long time with other prospectors - he later described this way of life in literature. But Clemens could not become a successful prospector, he had to leave the mining of silver and get a job in the newspaper "Territorial Enterprise" in the same place, in Virginia. In this newspaper, he first used the pseudonym "Mark Twain". And in 1864 he moved to San Francisco, California, where he began writing for several newspapers at the same time. In 1865, Twain had his first literary success, his humorous story "The Famous Jumping Frog of Calaveras" was reprinted throughout the country and called "the best work of humorous literature created in America at this time." In the spring of 1866, Twain was posted to Hawaii by the Sacramento Union newspaper. During the journey, he had to write letters about his adventures. Upon his return to San Francisco, these letters were a resounding success. Colonel John McComb, publisher of the Alta California newspaper, invited Twain to tour the state, giving fascinating lectures. The lectures immediately became wildly popular, and Twain traveled all over the state, entertaining the audience and collecting a dollar from each listener.  First book Twain achieved his first success as a writer on another journey. In 1867, he asked Colonel McComb to sponsor his trip to Europe and the Middle East. In June, as Alta California`s correspondent for the New York Tribune, Twain travels on the steamboat Quaker City to Europe. In August, he also visited Odessa, Yalta and Sevastopol (the "Odessa Bulletin" of August 24 contains the "Address" of American tourists, written by Twain. Letters written by him during his travels in Europe were sent and printed in the newspaper. And upon his return, these letters formed the basis of the book "Simpletons Abroad." The book was published in 1869, distributed by subscription and was a huge success. Until the very end of his life, many people knew Twain as the author of "Simpletons Abroad." During his writing career, Twain traveled throughout Europe, Asia, Africa, and even Australia. In 1870, at the height of his success with Simpletons Abroad, Twain married Olivia Langdon and moved to Buffalo, New York. From there he moved to Hartford, Connecticut. he lectured frequently in the United States and England, then began to write poignant satire, sharply criticizing American society and politicians, this is especially noticeable in the collection Life on the Mississippi, written in 1883. Creative career Himself Twain`s greatest contribution to American and world literature is considered to be The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. It is considered by many to be the best piece of literature ever produced in the United States. Also very popular are "The Adventures of Tom Sawyer", "Yankees from Connecticut at the Court of King Arthur" and a collection of documentary sketches "Life on the Mississippi." Mark Twain began his career with humorous couplets, and ended with eerie and almost vulgar chronicles of human vanity, hypocrisy and even murder. Twain was an excellent speaker. He helped create and popularize American literature as such, with its distinctive themes and vibrant, unusual language. Having gained recognition and fame, Mark Twain devoted a lot of time to finding young literary talent and helping them to break through, using his influence and the publishing company he acquired. Twain was fond of science and scientific problems. He was very friendly with Nikola Tesla, they spent a lot of time together in Tesla`s laboratory. In his work "A Yankee from Connecticut at the Court of King Arthur," Twain introduced time travel, as a result of which many modern technologies were introduced in England during the time of King Arthur. The technical details given in the novel testify to Twain`s good acquaintance with the achievements of contemporary science. Two of Mark Twain`s other most famous hobbies were billiards and pipe smoking. Visitors to the Twain house sometimes said that the tobacco smoke was so thick in the writer`s office that the owner himself was almost impossible to see. Twain was a prominent figure in the American Anti-Imperial League, which protested against the American annexation of the Philippines. In response to the bloody massacre, which killed about 600 people, he wrote The Incident in the Philippines, but the work was not published until 1924, 14 years after Twain`s death. Recently, there have been attempts in the United States to ban The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn due to naturalistic descriptions and verbal expressions that offend African Americans. Although Twain was an opponent of racism and imperialism and in his rejection of racism went much further than his contemporaries, there are indeed elements in his books that in our time can be perceived as racism. Many of the terms that were in common use during the time of Mark Twain now really sound like racial slurs. Mark Twain himself was ironic about censorship. When the public library in Massachusetts decided to withdraw The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn from the fund in 1885, Twain wrote to his publisher: They removed Huck from the library as "trash suitable only for slums", because of this we will undoubtedly sell 25 thousand more copies of the book. ... From time to time, some of Twain`s works were banned by the American censorship for various reasons. This was mainly due to the active civic and social position of the writer. Some works that could offend the religious feelings of people, Twain did not publish at the request of his family. For example, The Mysterious Stranger remained unpublished until 1916. And Twain`s most controversial work was perhaps a humorous lecture in a Parisian club, published under the title Reflections on the Science of Masturbation. The central message of the lecture was: "If you really need to risk your life on the sexual front, then don`t masturbate too much." The essay was published only in 1943 in a limited edition of 50 copies. Several more anti-religious works remained unpublished until the 1940s.  Later years Mark Twain`s successes gradually began to fade. Until his death in 1910, he survived the loss of three of four children, and his beloved wife Olivia also died. In his later years, Twain was deeply depressed, but could still joke. In response to the erroneous obituary in the New York Journal, he famously said, "The rumors of my death are greatly exaggerated." Twain`s financial position was also shaken: his publishing company went bankrupt; he invested a lot of money in a new model of the printing press, which never went into production; plagiarists stole the rights to several of his books. In 1893, Twain was introduced to oil tycoon Henry Rogers, one of the directors of Standard Oil. Rogers helped Twain reorganize his finances profitably, and the two became close friends. Twain often visited Rogers, they drank and played poker. We can say that Twain even became a member of the family for the Rogers. Rogers` sudden death in 1909 deeply shocked Twain. Although Mark Twain publicly thanked Rogers multiple times for saving him from financial ruin, it became clear that their friendship was mutually beneficial. Apparently, Twain significantly influenced the softening of the tough temper of the oil tycoon, who had the nickname "Cerberus Rogers". After Rogers` death, his papers showed that his friendship with the famous writer made a real philanthropist and philanthropist out of a ruthless curmudgeon. During his friendship with Twain, Rogers began to actively support education, organizing educational programs, especially for African Americans and talented people with disabilities. Twain himself died on April 21, 1910 from angina pectoris (angina pectoris). A year before his death, he said: "I came in 1835 with Halley`s Comet, a year later it arrives again, and I expect to leave with it." And so it happened. In the city of Hannibal, Missouri, there is a house in which Sam Clemens played as a boy, and the caves that he explored as a child, and which were later described in the famous "The Adventures of Tom Sawyer", now tourists come there. Mark Twain`s home in Hartford has been converted into his personal museum and declared a National Historic Landmark in the United States. A crater on Mercury is named after Mark Twain. [/ collapse] Author`s Wikipedia page