A Modern Utopia Book

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Herbert George Wells (09.21.1866 - 08.13.1946) English writer, one of the founders of social and philosophical fiction. Born in Bromley, Kent, the son of a shopkeeper. Wells` career may have been defined by an accident - as a child, he broke both legs, and spent all the time at home, thanks to which he read a lot. Wells then graduated from high school and received further education at the College of Education in London. It was at the College of Education that Wells studied with the renowned biologist Tomasz Huxley, who influenced him greatly. Wells` science fiction (although he never called it that) was clearly influenced by his studies at the College of Education and the interests he developed in biology. Wells became famous for his first work, The Time Machine, in 1895. Soon after the publication of this book, Wells wrote the following: "The Island of Dr.

Moreau" (1895); The Invisible Man (1897), and his most famous work: The War of the Worlds (1898). Over the years, Wells began to worry about the fate of human society in a world where technology and scientific development are advancing very rapidly. During this period he was a member of the Fabian Society (a group of social philosophers in London who advocated caution and gradualism in politics, science and public life). Wells now wrote less science fiction and more social criticism. After World War I, Wells published several scholarly works, including A Brief History of the World (1920), The Science of Life (1929-39), written in collaboration with Sir Julian Hooksley and George Philip Wells, and Experiments in Autobiography ( 1934). During this time, Wells became a popular celebrity and continued to write extensively. In 1917 he was a member of the Research Committee of the League of Nations and published several books on world organization. Although Wells had many doubts about the Soviet system, he understood the broad goals of the Russian revolution, and had a rather pleasant meeting with Lenin in 1920. Wells was the Labor candidate for Parliament in the early 1920s. Wells lived mainly in France between 1924 and 1933. From 1934 to 1946 he was the international president of the PEN. In 1934 he held talks with Stalin, who disappointed him; and Roosevelt, trying, however, unsuccessfully, to offer him his own scheme for preserving peace. Wells was convinced that Western socialists could not compromise with communism, and that the best hope for the future lay in Washington. In Holy Terror (1939) Wells described the psychological development of the modern dictator, illustrated by the careers of Stalin, Mussolini, and Hitler. Wells lived the entire Second World War in his Regent Park, refusing to leave London, even during the bombing raids. His latest book, Mind on the Edge (1945), expressed pessimism about the future prospects of humanity. Wells died in London on August 13, 1946. © middle-earth.com.ru HG Wells Books Online: http://www.selfknowledge.com/454au.htm http://whitewolf.newcastle.edu.au/words/authors/W/WellsHerbertGeorge/index.html

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