The Works of Lord Byron, Vol. 5

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Born January 22, 1788 in London. His mother, Catherine Gordon, a Scottish native, was the second wife of Captain D.

Byron, whose first wife died, leaving him a daughter, Augusta. The captain died in 1791, having spent most of his wife`s fortune. George Gordon was born with a disfigured foot, due to which he developed a painful impressionability from early childhood, aggravated by the hysterical nature of his mother, who raised him in Aberdeen on modest means. In 1798, the boy inherited the title of baron from his great-uncle and the Newsted Abbey family estate near Nottingham, where he moved with his mother. The boy studied with a home teacher, then he was sent to a private school in Dulwich, and in 1801 in Harrow. In the fall of 1805, Byron entered Trinity College, Cambridge University, where he met D.K.

Hobhouse (1786-1869), his closest friend until the end of his life. In 1806, Byron published the book Fugitive Pieces for a narrow circle. A year later, Hours of Idleness foll...

The Works of Lord Byron, Vol. 5 PDF

Born January 22, 1788 in London. His mother, Catherine Gordon, a Scottish native, was the second wife of Captain D. Byron, whose first wife died, leaving him a daughter, Augusta. The captain died in 1791, having spent most of his wife`s fortune. George Gordon was born with a disfigured foot, due to which he developed a painful impressionability from early childhood, aggravated by the hysterical nature of his mother, who raised him in Aberdeen on modest means. In 1798, the boy inherited the title of baron from his great-uncle and the Newsted Abbey family estate near Nottingham, where he moved with his mother. The boy studied with a home teacher, then he was sent to a private school in Dulwich, and in 1801 in Harrow. In the fall of 1805, Byron entered Trinity College, Cambridge University, where he met D.K. Hobhouse (1786-1869), his closest friend until the end of his life. In 1806, Byron published the book Fugitive Pieces for a narrow circle. A year later, Hours of Idleness followed; along with imitative poems, there were also promising poems in the collection. In 1808 & # 039; Edinburgh Review & # 039; ridiculed the rather arrogant author`s preface to the collection, to which Byron responded with venomous lines in the satire English Bards and Scotch Reviewers (English Bards and Scotch Reviewers, 1809). In London, Byron ran into several thousand pounds of debt. Fleeing from creditors, and also, probably in search of new impressions, on July 2, 1809, he set off with Hobhouse on a long journey. They sailed to Lisbon, crossed Spain, from Gibraltar by sea reached Albania, where they paid a visit to the Turkish despot Ali Pasha Tepelensky, and proceeded to Athens. There they spent the winter in the house of a widow, whose daughter, Teresa Macri, Byron sang in the image of the Athenian virgin. In the spring of 1809, on his way to Constantinople, Byron swam across the Dardanelles, which he later boasted more than once. He spent the next winter in Athens again. Byron returned to England in July 1811; he brought with him the manuscript of an autobiographical poem written by Spencer`s stanza, which tells of a sad wanderer who is destined to experience disappointment in the sweet hopes and ambitious hopes of youth and in the journey itself. Child Harold`s Pilgrimage, published the following March, brought Byron`s name to fame overnight. His mother did not live to see this - she died on August 1, 1811, and a few weeks later the news of the death of three close friends came. On February 27, 1812, Byron made his first speech in the House of Lords - against the Tory bill on the death penalty for weavers who deliberately broke newly invented knitting machines. Childe Harold`s success gave Byron a warm welcome in Whig circles. He made acquaintance with T. Moore and S. Rogers and was introduced to Lord Melbourne`s daughter-in-law Lady Caroline Lam, who became the poet`s mistress and did not hide it at all. In the footsteps of Childe Harold Byron created a cycle of & # 039; Oriental Poems & # 039;: The Giaour and The Bride of Abydos in 1813, The Corsair and Lara in 1814. Poems replete with veiled hints of an autobiographical nature. The hero Giaur was in a hurry to identify with the author, saying that in the East Byron was engaged in piracy for some time. Anabella Milbenk, niece of Lady Melbourne, and Byron exchanged letters from time to time; in September 1814 he proposed to her, and it was accepted. After the wedding on January 2, 1815 and their honeymoon in Yorkshire, the newlyweds, apparently not made for each other, settled in London. In the spring, Byron met W. Scott, whom he had long admired, and, together with his friend D. Kinnard, entered the subcommittee of the board of the Drury Lane Theater. Desperate to sell Newsted to Abby to pay off debts that reached nearly £ 30,000, Byron became embittered and sought oblivion in theater and drinking. Frightened by his wild antics and transparent hints of a relationship with his half-sister Augusta - she came to London to keep her company - Lady Byron innocently decided that he had fallen into madness. On December 10, 1815, she gave birth to Byron`s daughter Augusta Ada, and on January 15, 1816, taking the baby with her, she left for Leicestershire to visit her parents. Several weeks later, she announced that she would not return to her husband. Apparently, her suspicions about Byron`s incest and homosexual relationships before marriage were confirmed. Byron agreed to a separate residence by a court order and sailed to Europe on April 25. For the summer he rented the Villa Diodati in Geneva, where P.B. Shelley was his frequent guest. Here Byron completed the third song of Childe Harold, which developed the already familiar motives - the futility of aspirations, the fleetingness of love, the futile search for perfection; wrote The Prisoner of Chillon and started Manfred. Byron had a short relationship with the adopted daughter of W. Godwin Claire Claremont, who lived in the Shelley family, their daughter Allegra was born on January 12, 1817. September 5, 1816 Byron and Hobhouse went to Italy. In Venice, Byron studied Armenian, attended the Countess Albrizzi`s theater and salon, and in the spring of 1817 reunited with the Hobhouse in Rome, surveyed the ancient ruins and finished Manfred, a drama in verse on a Faustian theme, in which his disillusionment takes on universal proportions. Returning to Venice, he wrote the fourth canto of Childe Harold, based on the impressions of a trip to Rome, a piercing embodiment of the ultimate romantic longing. In the summer, he met a & # 039; gentle tigress & # 039; Margarita Konya, the baker`s wife. Byron returned to Venice in November, having already written Beppo, a brilliant Italian octave satire on Venetian mores. In June of the following year, he moved to Palazzo Mosenido on the Grand Canal; there the ardent Margarita Konya settled down as a housekeeper. Soon, Byron took baby Allegra under his wing and began a new satire in the spirit of Beppo called Don Juan. The sale of Newsted in the fall of 1818 for 94,500 pounds helped Byron get out of debt. Immersed in sensual pleasures, getting fat, letting go of long hair, in which gray hair broke through - this is how he appeared to the guests of the house. His love for the young Countess Teresa Guiccioli saved him from debauchery. In June 1819 he followed her to Ravenna, and at the end of the summer they came to Venice. In the end, Teresa was persuaded to return to her aging spouse, but her pleas again brought Byron to Ravenna in January 1820. He settled in Palazzo Guiccioli, where he brought Allegra. Teresa`s father, Count Gamba, obtained permission from the Pope for his daughter to live separately from her husband. The stay in Ravenna was unparalleled fruitful for Byron: he wrote new songs of Don Juan, The Prophecy of Dante, a historical drama in verse by Marino Faliero, translated L. Pulci`s poem Big Morgante. Through the intermediary of Count Gamba and his son Pietro, during the autumn and winter, he actively participated in the conspiracy of the Carbonari, members of a secret political movement against Austrian tyranny. In the midst of the conspiracy, Byron created a drama in verse by Sardanapalus - about an idle voluptuous person who is prompted by circumstances to a noble deed. The threat of political upheaval was one of the reasons that forced him on March 1, 1821 to place Allegra in the convent school in Bagnacavallo. After the defeat of the uprising, father and son Gamba was expelled from Ravenna. In July, Teresa had to follow them to Florence. Shelley persuaded Byron to come to him and Gamba in Pisa. Before leaving Ravenna (in October), Byron wrote his most evil and unusual satire, The Vision of Judgment, a parody of a poem by the laureate poet R. Southey glorifying King George III. Byron also completed a drama in verse Cain, which embodied his skeptical interpretation of biblical stories. In Pisa, a circle of Shelley`s friends gathered at Byron`s Casa Lafranci. In January 1822, Byron`s mother-in-law, Lady Noel, died, having written him 6,000 pounds in a will on the condition that he take the name Noel. Allegra`s death in April came as a heavy blow to him. A fight with the dragoon, in which he and his Pisan friends were unwittingly involved, forced the Tuscan authorities to deprive Gamba of his political asylum. In May, Byron moved with them and Teresa to a villa near Livorno. On July 1, L. Hunt joined Byron and Shelley to edit the short-lived magazine Liberal with them. A few days later, Shelley drowned, and Byron was taken care of by Hunt, his sick wife and six unruly children. In September, Byron moved to Genoa and lived in the same house with both Gamba. The Khanty followed and settled with Mary Shelley. Byron returned to work on Don Juan and by May 1823 had completed Canto 16. He chose the legendary seducer as his heroes and turned him into an innocent simpleton who is harassed by women; but even hardened by life experience, he by his nature, perception of the world and actions still remains a normal, reasonable person in an absurd, crazy world. Byron consistently takes Joao through a series of adventures, sometimes funny, sometimes touching, - from the & # 039; platonic & # 039; seducing a hero in Spain to idyllic love on a Greek island, from being a slave in a harem to being a favorite of Catherine the Great, and leaving him entangled in a love affair in an English country mansion. Byron cherished an ambitious plan to bring his roguish romance in verse to 50, if not more, songs, but he managed to finish only 16 and fourteen stanzas of song 17. In Don Juan, the full spectrum of feelings is recreated; sparkling, cynical, sometimes bitter satire tears the masks from hypocrisy and pretense. Tired of an aimless existence, yearning for vigorous activity, Byron seized on the offer of the London Greek Committee to help Greece in the war of independence. On July 15, 1823, he departed from Genoa together with P. Gamba and E.J. Trelawney. He spent about four months on the island of Kefalonia awaiting instructions from the Committee. Byron gave money to equip the Greek fleet and in early January 1824 joined Prince Mavrokordatos in Missolunghi. He took under his command a detachment of Suliots (Greco-Albanians), whom he paid a monetary allowance. Sober up by strife among the Greeks and their greed, exhausted by illness, Byron died of fever on April 19, 1824. Source: http://persona.rin.ru/