Letters to a Young Scientist

Letters to a Young Scientist by Edward Wilson

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Pulitzer Prize–winning biologist Edward O. Wilson imparts the wisdom of his storied career to the next generation. Edward O. Wilson has distilled sixty years of teaching into a book for students, young and old. Reflecting on his coming-of-age in the South as a Boy Scout and a lover of ants and butterflies, Wilson threads these twenty-one letters, each richly illustrated, with autobiographical anecdotes that illuminate his career―both his successes and his failures―and his motivations for becoming a biologist. At a time in human history when our survival is more than ever linked to our understanding of science, Wilson insists that success in the sciences does not depend on mathematical skill, but rather a passion for finding a problem and solving it. From the collapse of stars to the exploration of rain forests and the oceans’ depths, Wilson instills a love of the innate creativity of science and a respect for the human being’s modest place in the planet’s ecosystem in his readers. 21 illustrations

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Edward Wilson

A book by Edward Wilson

$$ 0 $$ Biography Edward Osborne Wilson Born: June 10, 1929, Birmingham (Alabama), USA Edward Osborne Wilson - American biologist, sociobiologist, myrmecologist, ecologist, writer, twice Pulitzer Prize winner, professor Harvard University, Academician of the US National Academy of Sciences. At an early age, he became interested in nature. Parents, Edward and Inez Wilson, divorced when Edward was 7 years old. In the same year, he injured his eye in a fishing accident. He grew up in different cities, accompanying his father and stepmother. Vision problems prevented him from observing birds and mammals, and he focused on insects. With the support of Marion R.

Smith, a myrmecologist at the National Museum of Natural History, Washington, Wilson began studying all ants in Alabama. ▪1955 - defended his thesis at Harvard University ▪1964 - professor of zoology at Harvard University ▪1969 - elected an academician of the US National Academy of Sciences Myrmecology and ants Wilson is one of the world`s leading specialists in ants. He discovered and described more than 300 species of ants new to science. Sociobiology In 1975 he wrote his seminal work Sociobiology: The New Synthesis, in which he developed the concept of sociobiology. The book was the first attempt to explain altruism, aggression and similar types of social behavior of animals (mainly ants, as this was Wilson`s specialty) using evolutionary mechanisms. In this book, only the last chapter dealt with human behavior. Wilson later wrote On Human Nature, a book entirely devoted to sociobiology as applied to humans. This book earned the author a Pulitzer Prize. Wilson argues that all animal behavior, and in particular humans, is a product of heredity, environmental stimuli and past experience, and free will is an illusion. Wilson`s sociobiological theory is designed to scientifically substantiate the failure of the "tabula rasa" approach, according to which a person is born without any innate knowledge.  Bibliography Editions in Russian 2014 - Owners of the Earth. Humanity`s Social Conquest of the Planet 2015 - The Meaning of Human Existence In English ■ The Theory of Island Biogeography, 1967, Princeton University Press (2001 reprint), ISBN 0-691-08836-5, with Robert H.

MacArthur ■ The Insect Societies, 1971, Harvard University Press, ISBN 0-674-45490-1 ■ Sociobiology: The New Synthesis 1975, Harvard University Press, (Twenty-fifth Anniversary Edition, 2000 ISBN 0-674-00089-7) ■ On Human Nature, 1979, Harvard University Press, ISBN 0-674-01638-6 ■ Genes, Mind and Culture: The coevolutionary process, 1981, Harvard University Press, ISBN 0-674-34475-8 ■ Promethean fire: reflections on the origin of mind, 1983, Harvard University Press, ISBN 0-674-71445-8 ■ Biophilia, 1984, Harvard University Press, ISBN 0-674-07441-6 ■ Success and Dominance in Ecosystems: The Case of the Social Insects, 1990, Inter-Research, ISSN 0932- 2205 ■ Hölldobler B., Wilson EO The Ants. - Harvard University Press, 1990 .-- 732 p. - ISBN 0-674-04075-9., Winner of the Pulitzer Prize ■ The Diversity of Life, 1992, Harvard University Press, ISBN 0-674-21298-3, The Diversity of Life: Special Edition, ISBN 0-674- 21299-1 ■ The Biophilia Hypothesis, 1993, Shearwater Books, ISBN 1-55963-148-1, co-author Stephen R.

Kellert ■ Journey to the Ants: A Story of Scientific Exploration, 1994, Harvard University Press, ISBN 0-674- 48525-4, co-author Bert Hölldobler Naturalist, 1994, Shearwater Books, ISBN 1-55963-288-7 ■ In Search of Nature, 1996, Shearwater Books, ISBN 1-55963-215-1, co-author Laura Simonds Southworth ■ Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge, 1998, Knopf, ISBN 0-679-45077-7 ■ The Future of Life, 2002, Knopf, ISBN 0-679-45078-5 ■ Pheidole in the New World: A Dominant, Hyperdiverse Ant Genus, 2003, Harvard University Press, ISBN 0-674-00293-8 ■ From So Simple a Beginning: Darwin`s Four Great Books. 2005, WW Norton. ■ The Creation: An Appeal to Save Life on Earth, September 2006, WW Norton & Company, Inc. ISBN 978-0-393-06217-5 ■ Nature Revealed: Selected Writings 1949-2006, Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore. ISBN 0-8018-8329-6 ■ The Superorganism: The Beauty, Elegance, and Strangeness of Insect Societies, 2009, WW Norton & Company, Inc. ISBN 978-0-393-06704-0, co-author Bert Hölldobler Review ■ Anthill: A Novel, April 2010, WW Norton & Company, Inc. ISBN 978-0-393-07119-1 ■ Kingdom of Ants: Jose Celestino Mutis and the Dawn of Natural History in the New World, 2010, Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, with José María Gómez Durán ■ The Leafcutter Ants: Civilization by Instinct, 2011, WW Norton & Company, Inc. ISBN 978-0-393-33868-3, with Bert Hölldobler ■ The Social Conquest of Earth, 2012, Liveright Publishing Corporation, New York, ISBN 978-0-87140-413-8 ■ Letters to a Young Scientist, 2013, WW Norton & Company, ISBN 0871407000 • Academician of the US National Academy of Sciences, 1969 • US National Medal of Science, 1976 • Pulitzer Prize (1979), for the book On Human Nature • Pulitzer Prize (1981), for the book The Ants • Eagle Scout, Boy Scouts of America • Distinguished Eagle Scout Award • Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement, 1984 • ECI Prize, International Ecology Institute, terrestrial ecology, 1987 • Craford Prize, 1990, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences prize in modern sciences not covered by Nobel Prizes, and regarded as the world`s highest environmental award • International Biology Award, 1993 • Carl Sagan Award for Public Understanding of Science, 1994 • Time Magazine`s 25 Most Influential People in America, 1995 • American Humani st Association`s 1999 Humanist of the Year • Lewis Thomas Prize for Writing about Science, 2000 • Nierenberg Prize, 2001 • King Faisal International Prize, 2000 • Dauphin Island Sea Lab christened its newest research vessel the R / V EO Wilson in 2005. • Addison Emery Verrill - Medal from the Peabody Museum of Natural History, 2007 • TED Prize 2007 annual award for honor a maximum of three individuals who have shown that they can, in some way, positively impact life on this planet. • XIX Premi Internacional Catalunya 2007 • Member of the World Knowledge Dialogue Honorary Board, and Scientist in Residence for the 2008 symposium organized in Crans-Montana (Switzerland). • Distinguished Lecturer, University of Iowa, 2008-2009 • EO Wilson Biophilia Center, Nokuse Plantation, Walton County, Florida, 2009 • BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Awards (2010) Interesting facts Named in honor of Wilson a ● Eowilsonia, genus of cockroaches ● Pheidole eowilsoni, a species of ants ● † Apterostigma eowilsoni, a species of ants ● Aphaenogaster wilsoni ● Leptothorax wilsoni ● Pristomyrmex wilsoni ● Strumigenys: wilsoni [] b en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Osborne_Wilson

Letters to a Young Scientist PDF

$$ 0 $$ Biography Edward Osborne Wilson Born: June 10, 1929, Birmingham (Alabama), USA Edward Osborne Wilson - American biologist, sociobiologist, myrmecologist, ecologist, writer, twice Pulitzer Prize winner, professor Harvard University, Academician of the US National Academy of Sciences. At an early age, he became interested in nature. Parents, Edward and Inez Wilson, divorced when Edward was 7 years old. In the same year, he injured his eye in a fishing accident. He grew up in different cities, accompanying his father and stepmother. Vision problems prevented him from observing birds and mammals, and he focused on insects. With the support of Marion R. Smith, a myrmecologist at the National Museum of Natural History, Washington, Wilson began studying all ants in Alabama. ▪1955 - defended his thesis at Harvard University ▪1964 - professor of zoology at Harvard University ▪1969 - elected an academician of the US National Academy of Sciences Myrmecology and ants Wilson is one of the world`s leading specialists in ants. He discovered and described more than 300 species of ants new to science. Sociobiology In 1975 he wrote his seminal work Sociobiology: The New Synthesis, in which he developed the concept of sociobiology. The book was the first attempt to explain altruism, aggression and similar types of social behavior of animals (mainly ants, as this was Wilson`s specialty) using evolutionary mechanisms. In this book, only the last chapter dealt with human behavior. Wilson later wrote On Human Nature, a book entirely devoted to sociobiology as applied to humans. This book earned the author a Pulitzer Prize. Wilson argues that all animal behavior, and in particular humans, is a product of heredity, environmental stimuli and past experience, and free will is an illusion. Wilson`s sociobiological theory is designed to scientifically substantiate the failure of the "tabula rasa" approach, according to which a person is born without any innate knowledge.  Bibliography Editions in Russian 2014 - Owners of the Earth. Humanity`s Social Conquest of the Planet 2015 - The Meaning of Human Existence In English ■ The Theory of Island Biogeography, 1967, Princeton University Press (2001 reprint), ISBN 0-691-08836-5, with Robert H. MacArthur ■ The Insect Societies, 1971, Harvard University Press, ISBN 0-674-45490-1 ■ Sociobiology: The New Synthesis 1975, Harvard University Press, (Twenty-fifth Anniversary Edition, 2000 ISBN 0-674-00089-7) ■ On Human Nature, 1979, Harvard University Press, ISBN 0-674-01638-6 ■ Genes, Mind and Culture: The coevolutionary process, 1981, Harvard University Press, ISBN 0-674-34475-8 ■ Promethean fire: reflections on the origin of mind, 1983, Harvard University Press, ISBN 0-674-71445-8 ■ Biophilia, 1984, Harvard University Press, ISBN 0-674-07441-6 ■ Success and Dominance in Ecosystems: The Case of the Social Insects, 1990, Inter-Research, ISSN 0932- 2205 ■ Hölldobler B., Wilson EO The Ants. - Harvard University Press, 1990 .-- 732 p. - ISBN 0-674-04075-9., Winner of the Pulitzer Prize ■ The Diversity of Life, 1992, Harvard University Press, ISBN 0-674-21298-3, The Diversity of Life: Special Edition, ISBN 0-674- 21299-1 ■ The Biophilia Hypothesis, 1993, Shearwater Books, ISBN 1-55963-148-1, co-author Stephen R. Kellert ■ Journey to the Ants: A Story of Scientific Exploration, 1994, Harvard University Press, ISBN 0-674- 48525-4, co-author Bert Hölldobler Naturalist, 1994, Shearwater Books, ISBN 1-55963-288-7 ■ In Search of Nature, 1996, Shearwater Books, ISBN 1-55963-215-1, co-author Laura Simonds Southworth ■ Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge, 1998, Knopf, ISBN 0-679-45077-7 ■ The Future of Life, 2002, Knopf, ISBN 0-679-45078-5 ■ Pheidole in the New World: A Dominant, Hyperdiverse Ant Genus, 2003, Harvard University Press, ISBN 0-674-00293-8 ■ From So Simple a Beginning: Darwin`s Four Great Books. 2005, WW Norton. ■ The Creation: An Appeal to Save Life on Earth, September 2006, WW Norton & Company, Inc. ISBN 978-0-393-06217-5 ■ Nature Revealed: Selected Writings 1949-2006, Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore. ISBN 0-8018-8329-6 ■ The Superorganism: The Beauty, Elegance, and Strangeness of Insect Societies, 2009, WW Norton & Company, Inc. ISBN 978-0-393-06704-0, co-author Bert Hölldobler Review ■ Anthill: A Novel, April 2010, WW Norton & Company, Inc. ISBN 978-0-393-07119-1 ■ Kingdom of Ants: Jose Celestino Mutis and the Dawn of Natural History in the New World, 2010, Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, with José María Gómez Durán ■ The Leafcutter Ants: Civilization by Instinct, 2011, WW Norton & Company, Inc. ISBN 978-0-393-33868-3, with Bert Hölldobler ■ The Social Conquest of Earth, 2012, Liveright Publishing Corporation, New York, ISBN 978-0-87140-413-8 ■ Letters to a Young Scientist, 2013, WW Norton & Company, ISBN 0871407000 • Academician of the US National Academy of Sciences, 1969 • US National Medal of Science, 1976 • Pulitzer Prize (1979), for the book On Human Nature • Pulitzer Prize (1981), for the book The Ants • Eagle Scout, Boy Scouts of America • Distinguished Eagle Scout Award • Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement, 1984 • ECI Prize, International Ecology Institute, terrestrial ecology, 1987 • Craford Prize, 1990, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences prize in modern sciences not covered by Nobel Prizes, and regarded as the world`s highest environmental award • International Biology Award, 1993 • Carl Sagan Award for Public Understanding of Science, 1994 • Time Magazine`s 25 Most Influential People in America, 1995 • American Humani st Association`s 1999 Humanist of the Year • Lewis Thomas Prize for Writing about Science, 2000 • Nierenberg Prize, 2001 • King Faisal International Prize, 2000 • Dauphin Island Sea Lab christened its newest research vessel the R / V EO Wilson in 2005. • Addison Emery Verrill - Medal from the Peabody Museum of Natural History, 2007 • TED Prize 2007 annual award for honor a maximum of three individuals who have shown that they can, in some way, positively impact life on this planet. • XIX Premi Internacional Catalunya 2007 • Member of the World Knowledge Dialogue Honorary Board, and Scientist in Residence for the 2008 symposium organized in Crans-Montana (Switzerland). • Distinguished Lecturer, University of Iowa, 2008-2009 • EO Wilson Biophilia Center, Nokuse Plantation, Walton County, Florida, 2009 • BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Awards (2010) Interesting facts Named in honor of Wilson a ● Eowilsonia, genus of cockroaches ● Pheidole eowilsoni, a species of ants ● † Apterostigma eowilsoni, a species of ants ● Aphaenogaster wilsoni ● Leptothorax wilsoni ● Pristomyrmex wilsoni ● Strumigenys: wilsoni [] b en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Osborne_Wilson