Dolphin Island

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́Arthur Charles Clarke (Arthur Charles Clarke, December 16, 1917, Minehead, Somerset, UK - March 19, 2008, Colombo, Sri Lanka) is an English writer, scientist, futurist and inventor, best known for collaborating with Stanley Kubrick`s work on the cult sci-fi movie A Space Odyssey 2001 (1968). In 1999, Clark received a knighthood from Queen Elizabeth II. Arthur Clarke, Isaac Asimov, and Robert Heinlein have been called the "big three" science fiction writers who had a major impact on the genre in the mid-20th century. Born December 16, 1917 in Minehead, Somerset. After graduating from high school, in 1936 he moved to London, where he was accepted as an auditor in the Treasury and joined the British Interplanetary Society, which one of its goals was to promote the idea of ​​space travel; in the 1940s-1950s, he was twice elected its chairman. One of the founders and activists of the British fandom. At the outbreak of World War II, he was drafted into the Royal Air Force, served as a lieutenant, and participated in the development of a radar system to make it easier for pilots to navigate in difficult weather conditions, about which he wrote a semi-documentary novel "Glide Path", published in 1963. After the war, he graduated with honors from King`s College London with a degree in physics and mathematics. In 1956, Clarke moved to Sri Lanka and subsequently received Sri Lankan citizenship. Arthur Clarke is the winner of the Kalinga Prize for Achievement in Popularization of Science (1962). In 1989 he was awarded the Order of the British Empire. In recent years, Arthur Clark has lived in Colombo, the capital of Sri Lanka. There he participated in the creation of a series of television programs dedicated to the legends and myths of our time. In 1998, Queen Elizabeth II of England bestowed a knighthood on Clark. In the last years of his life, Arthur Clarke was seriously ill (according to some sources, multiple sclerosis), as a result of which he was forced to switch to cooperation with other writers. He died on March 19, 2008 due to breathing problems that appeared in him with post-polio syndrome discovered in the 1960s.  Contribution to the development of science and technology Scheme of the organization of a global communication system through satellites, published by Arthur Clarke in 1945. In 1945, in an article "Extra-terrestrial Relays" published in the October issue of Wireless World, Clark proposed the idea of ​​creating a communications satellite system in geostationary orbits that would create a global communications system. This idea was subsequently implemented and ensured the creation in the second half of the 20th century of practically all global communication systems, including the Internet. The geostationary orbit is also called the Clarke orbit. Subsequently, Clarke, when asked why he did not patent the invention (which was quite possible), replied that he did not believe in the possibility of implementing such a system during his lifetime, and also believed that such an idea should benefit all of humanity. In 1954, Clarke, in a letter to the director of the science department of the American National Weather Bureau, Harry Wexler, suggested that orbiting satellites could be used to predict the weather. The idea was supported and subsequently implemented. Arthur Clarke, along with Walter Cronkite and Walter Schirra, hosted live television coverage of the Apollo 11, Apollo 12 and Apollo 15 missions to the moon.  Creative Writing Clark`s first professional publication in fiction is the story "Rescue Party" in the May 1946 issue of Astounding Science Fiction. Arthur Clarke made an undeniable contribution to science fiction, becoming one of the authors of the script for the famous film "A Space Odyssey 2001" (1968), directed by Stanley Kubrick. A little later, Clarke published the novel 2001: A Space Odyssey, based on the script of the film, which marked the beginning of a series of four books. Among the novels of Arthur Clarke, the most famous are "The End of Childhood" (1953), "City and Stars" (1956), "Date with Rama" (1973), "Fountains of Paradise" (1979). It was Arthur Clarke who made the idea of ​​the space elevator widely known and popular.  Clark`s Laws In Profiles of the Future (1962), Arthur Clarke formulated the so-called Clark`s Laws, according to which modern science develops. * First Law: If a distinguished but aged scientist says something is possible, he is almost certainly right. If he says something is impossible, he is almost certainly wrong. * Second Law: The only way to set the boundaries of what is possible is to try to step beyond those boundaries. * Third Law: Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic.  Bibliography Series of works * "A Space Odyssey" cycle: o 2001: A Space Odyssey (2001: A Space Odyssey, 1968) o 2010: Odyssey 2 (2010: Odyssey Two, 1982) o 2061: Odyssey 3 ( 2061: Odyssey Three, 1987) o 3001: The Final Odyssey (3001: The Final Odyssey, 1997) * Rama Cycle o Rendezvous With Rama (1973) o Rama 2 (Rama II, co-authored with Gentry Lee, 1989) o The Garden of Rama (co-authored with Gentry Lee, 1991) o Rama Revealed (co-authored with Gentry Lee, 1993) * The Odyssey of Time cycle o Time`s Eye (co-authored with Stephen Baxter, 2003) o Solar storm (Sunstorm, co-authored with Stephen Baxter, 2005) o Firstborn (co-authored with Stephen Baxter, 2007) Selected novels * Prelude to Space (1951) * Sands of Mars (Sands of Mars, 1951) * Islands in the Sky (1952) * Childhood`s End, 1953 * Against the Fall of Nigh t, 1953) * Great Depth (The Deep Range, 1954) * Light of the Earth (Earthlight, 1955) * City and the Stars (The City and the Stars, 1956) * Moon Dust (A Fall of Moondust, 1961) * Dolphin Island ( Dolphin Island, 1963) * Imperial Earth (1975) * The Fountains of Paradise, 1979 * The Songs of Distant Earth (1986) * Cradle (co-authored with Gentry Lee, 1988) ) * The Ghost From the Grand Banks, 1990 * Beyond the Fall of Night (co-written with Gregory Benford, 1990) * The Hammer of God, 1993 * 10 points Richter Scale (Richter 10, co-authored with Mike McQuay, 1996) * The Trigger, co-authored with Michael Cube-McDowell, 1999 * The Light of Other Days, co-authored with Stephen Baxter, 2000 * The Reefs of Taprobane, 2002 * The Last Theorem (co-authored with Frederick Paul, 2008)

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́Arthur Charles Clarke (Arthur Charles Clarke, December 16, 1917, Minehead, Somerset, UK - March 19, 2008, Colombo, Sri Lanka) is an English writer, scientist, futurist and inventor, best known for collaborating with Stanley Kubrick`s work on the cult sci-fi movie A Space Odyssey 2001 (1968). In 1999, Clark received a knighthood from Queen Elizabeth II. Arthur Clarke, Isaac Asimov, and Robert Heinlein have been called the "big three" science fiction writers who had a major impact on the genre in the mid-20th century. Born December 16, 1917 in Minehead, Somerset. After graduating from high school, in 1936 he moved to London, where he was accepted as an auditor in the Treasury and joined the British Interplanetary Society, which one of its goals was to promote the idea of ​​space travel; in the 1940s-1950s, he was twice elected its chairman. One of the founders and activists of the British fandom. At the outbreak of World War II, he was drafted into the Royal Air Force, served as a lieutenant, and participated in the development of a radar system to make it easier for pilots to navigate in difficult weather conditions, about which he wrote a semi-documentary novel "Glide Path", published in 1963. After the war, he graduated with honors from King`s College London with a degree in physics and mathematics. In 1956, Clarke moved to Sri Lanka and subsequently received Sri Lankan citizenship. Arthur Clarke is the winner of the Kalinga Prize for Achievement in Popularization of Science (1962). In 1989 he was awarded the Order of the British Empire. In recent years, Arthur Clark has lived in Colombo, the capital of Sri Lanka. There he participated in the creation of a series of television programs dedicated to the legends and myths of our time. In 1998, Queen Elizabeth II of England bestowed a knighthood on Clark. In the last years of his life, Arthur Clarke was seriously ill (according to some sources, multiple sclerosis), as a result of which he was forced to switch to cooperation with other writers. He died on March 19, 2008 due to breathing problems that appeared in him with post-polio syndrome discovered in the 1960s.  Contribution to the development of science and technology Scheme of the organization of a global communication system through satellites, published by Arthur Clarke in 1945. In 1945, in an article "Extra-terrestrial Relays" published in the October issue of Wireless World, Clark proposed the idea of ​​creating a communications satellite system in geostationary orbits that would create a global communications system. This idea was subsequently implemented and ensured the creation in the second half of the 20th century of practically all global communication systems, including the Internet. The geostationary orbit is also called the Clarke orbit. Subsequently, Clarke, when asked why he did not patent the invention (which was quite possible), replied that he did not believe in the possibility of implementing such a system during his lifetime, and also believed that such an idea should benefit all of humanity. In 1954, Clarke, in a letter to the director of the science department of the American National Weather Bureau, Harry Wexler, suggested that orbiting satellites could be used to predict the weather. The idea was supported and subsequently implemented. Arthur Clarke, along with Walter Cronkite and Walter Schirra, hosted live television coverage of the Apollo 11, Apollo 12 and Apollo 15 missions to the moon.  Creative Writing Clark`s first professional publication in fiction is the story "Rescue Party" in the May 1946 issue of Astounding Science Fiction. Arthur Clarke made an undeniable contribution to science fiction, becoming one of the authors of the script for the famous film "A Space Odyssey 2001" (1968), directed by Stanley Kubrick. A little later, Clarke published the novel 2001: A Space Odyssey, based on the script of the film, which marked the beginning of a series of four books. Among the novels of Arthur Clarke, the most famous are "The End of Childhood" (1953), "City and Stars" (1956), "Date with Rama" (1973), "Fountains of Paradise" (1979). It was Arthur Clarke who made the idea of ​​the space elevator widely known and popular.  Clark`s Laws In Profiles of the Future (1962), Arthur Clarke formulated the so-called Clark`s Laws, according to which modern science develops. * First Law: If a distinguished but aged scientist says something is possible, he is almost certainly right. If he says something is impossible, he is almost certainly wrong. * Second Law: The only way to set the boundaries of what is possible is to try to step beyond those boundaries. * Third Law: Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic.  Bibliography Series of works * "A Space Odyssey" cycle: o 2001: A Space Odyssey (2001: A Space Odyssey, 1968) o 2010: Odyssey 2 (2010: Odyssey Two, 1982) o 2061: Odyssey 3 ( 2061: Odyssey Three, 1987) o 3001: The Final Odyssey (3001: The Final Odyssey, 1997) * Rama Cycle o Rendezvous With Rama (1973) o Rama 2 (Rama II, co-authored with Gentry Lee, 1989) o The Garden of Rama (co-authored with Gentry Lee, 1991) o Rama Revealed (co-authored with Gentry Lee, 1993) * The Odyssey of Time cycle o Time`s Eye (co-authored with Stephen Baxter, 2003) o Solar storm (Sunstorm, co-authored with Stephen Baxter, 2005) o Firstborn (co-authored with Stephen Baxter, 2007) Selected novels * Prelude to Space (1951) * Sands of Mars (Sands of Mars, 1951) * Islands in the Sky (1952) * Childhood`s End, 1953 * Against the Fall of Nigh t, 1953) * Great Depth (The Deep Range, 1954) * Light of the Earth (Earthlight, 1955) * City and the Stars (The City and the Stars, 1956) * Moon Dust (A Fall of Moondust, 1961) * Dolphin Island ( Dolphin Island, 1963) * Imperial Earth (1975) * The Fountains of Paradise, 1979 * The Songs of Distant Earth (1986) * Cradle (co-authored with Gentry Lee, 1988) ) * The Ghost From the Grand Banks, 1990 * Beyond the Fall of Night (co-written with Gregory Benford, 1990) * The Hammer of God, 1993 * 10 points Richter Scale (Richter 10, co-authored with Mike McQuay, 1996) * The Trigger, co-authored with Michael Cube-McDowell, 1999 * The Light of Other Days, co-authored with Stephen Baxter, 2000 * The Reefs of Taprobane, 2002 * The Last Theorem (co-authored with Frederick Paul, 2008)