The Fellowship of The Ring

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The Fellowship of the Ring is the first part of J.R.R.Tolkien`s epic adventure, The Lord Of The Rings.

Sauron, the Dark Lord, has gathered to him all the Rings of Power - the means by which he intends to rule Middle-earth. All he lacks in his plans for dominion is the One Ring - the ring that rules them all - which has fallen into the hands of the hobbit Bilbo Baggins.

In a sleepy village in the Shire, young Frodo Baggins finds himself faced with an immense task, as his elderly cousin Bilbo entrusts the Ring to his care. Frodo must leave his home and make a perilous journey across Middle-earh to the Cracks of Doom, there to destroy the Ring and foil the Dark Lord in his evil purpose.


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John Ronald Reuel Tolkien (1892-1973) English writer, doctor of literature, artist, professor, philologist-linguist, one of the founders of the Oxford English Dictionary.  Brief biography Born January 3, 1892 in Bloemfontein (South Africa). Father - Arthur Ruel Tolkien, a bank clerk from Birmingham, moved in search of his fortune to South Africa. Mother - Mabel Suffield. In November 1894, Mabel takes her sons to England. By the age of four, thanks to the efforts of his mother, baby John could already read and even wrote the first letters. In February 1896, Tolkien`s father developed severe bleeding and died suddenly. Mabel Suffield took care of the children. She received a good education. She spoke French and German, knew Latin, drew excellently, played the piano professionally. She passed on all her knowledge and skills to children. In 1896, Mabel and her children moved from Birmingham to the village of Sirhole. In 1904, when John was barely twelve years old, his mother...

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John Ronald Reuel Tolkien (1892-1973) English writer, doctor of literature, artist, professor, philologist-linguist, one of the founders of the Oxford English Dictionary.  Brief biography Born January 3, 1892 in Bloemfontein (South Africa). Father - Arthur Ruel Tolkien, a bank clerk from Birmingham, moved in search of his fortune to South Africa. Mother - Mabel Suffield. In November 1894, Mabel takes her sons to England. By the age of four, thanks to the efforts of his mother, baby John could already read and even wrote the first letters. In February 1896, Tolkien`s father developed severe bleeding and died suddenly. Mabel Suffield took care of the children. She received a good education. She spoke French and German, knew Latin, drew excellently, played the piano professionally. She passed on all her knowledge and skills to children. In 1896, Mabel and her children moved from Birmingham to the village of Sirhole. In 1904, when John was barely twelve years old, his mother died of diabetes. Their distant relative, the priest, Father Francis becomes the guardian of the children. By the age of fifteen, Tolkien strikes the teachers of the school with his obsession with philology. Soon he independently begins to study the Old Icelandic language, then gets to German books on philology, continues to study Old English, Old Germanic, and a little later Old Finnish, Icelandic and Gothic languages, fairy tales and legends. After a second attempt at the Oxford exams in 1910, Tolkien learned that he had been given a scholarship to Exeter College. And with a weekend scholarship from King Edward`s school and additional funding from Father Francis, Ronald could already afford to go to Oxford. Upon entering Oxford, Tolkien meets the famous self-taught professor Joe Wright. He strongly advises the novice linguist to "seriously take up the Celtic language." Ronald`s passion for theater is also growing. He plays the role of Mrs. Malaprop in the play by R. Sheridan. By the time he came of age, he himself wrote a play - "Detective, Cook and Suffragette" for home theater. Tolkien`s theatrical experiments were not only useful for him, but also necessary. In 1914, with the outbreak of World War I, Tolkien rushes to get his degree at Oxford to volunteer for the army. At the same time he enrolls in the courses of radio operators-communications. In July 1915, he passed the exam in English and literature for a bachelor`s degree ahead of schedule and received a first class distinction. After completing military training in Bedford, he is awarded the rank of junior lieutenant and is assigned to serve in the Lancashire rifle regiment. In March 1916, Tolkien married, and on July 14, 1916, he went into the first battle. On November 16, 1917, his first son was born, and Tolkien was awarded the rank of lieutenant. The war ends in 1918. Tolkien and his family move to Oxford. He is admitted to the compilation of the "General Dictionary of the New English Language". In 1924 he was approved as a professor, and in 1925 he was awarded the Department of Anglo-Saxon Language at Oxford. At the same time, he continues to work on The Silmarillion, creating an incredible new world. A kind of another dimension with its own history and geography, phenomenal animals and plants, real and surreal creatures. While working on the dictionary, Tolkien had the opportunity to ponder the composition and appearance of tens of thousands of words that incorporated the Celtic principle, Latin, Scandinavian, Old German and Old French influences. This work further stimulated his gift as an artist, helped to unite different categories of living beings and different times and spaces in his Tolkien world. At the same time, Tolkien did not lose his "literary soul". His scientific works were imbued with the imagery of the writer`s thinking. He also illustrated many of his fairy tales, especially he was fond of depicting humanized trees. A special place is occupied by the letters of Santa Claus illustrated by him to children. The letter was specially written in the "trembling" handwriting of Santa Claus, "who had just escaped from a terrible blizzard." In his later years, Tolkien is surrounded by universal acclaim. In June 1972, he received his doctorate in literature from the University of Oxford, and in 1973 at Buckingham Palace, Queen Elizabeth presented the writer with the Order of the British Empire, second degree. Tolkien died on September 2, 1973, in Bornemouth at the age of eighty-one. In 1977, the final version of The Silmarillion was published, published by the son of the writer Christopher Tolkien.  Literary Heritage "The Hobbit, or There and Back", "The Lord of the Rings" (trilogy), "The Silmarillion", "The General Dictionary of New English" Bibliography: http: // fantlab.ru/autor19 FAQ on translations and translators of J.R.R. Tolkien: http://tolkien.su/faq/