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Hal Clement (English Hal Clement) (May 30, 1922 - October 29, 2003) - American science fiction writer, "techie". Real name - Harry Clement Stubbs (English Harry Clement Stubbs). Biography Harry Clement Stubbs was born on May 30, 1922 in Somerville, USA (Massachusetts). The future writer spent his childhood in Greater Boston, where he attended schools in Arlington and Cambridge. He then graduated from Rinj Technical College in 1939. In 1943, he received a BA in Astronomy from Harvard University, then an MA in Education from Boston University (1946) and an MA in Chemistry from Simmons College (1963). After graduating from Harvard, joining the Army Air Corps during World War II, Harry Stubbs received lieutenant insignia and wings from a B-24 bomber pilot (Liberator) at Stuart Field, New York. Becoming a pilot, Stubbs flew 35 sorties with the US 8th Air Fleet, where he remained until 1951. After spending 8 months at an Air Force base and six months as a technical instructor at the School of Special Combat Training (New Mexico), in 1953, Stubbs retired from his military career and transferred to the US Air Force reserve. He retired to the reserve in 1976 with the rank of colonel. Stubbs` interest in both science and science fiction manifested itself, as he wrote in his autobiography, in 1930, when he saw a series of comic books about Buck Rogers and his flights to Mars. His father, being an accountant, could not answer young Harry`s questions and took him to the Arlington Public Library. Harry returned with a book on astronomy in one hand, and Journey to the Moon by J.

Verne in the other. Hall Clement`s first science fiction story appeared in Campbell`s Astounding Science Fiction in 1942 (Proof), and his first novel, Needle, in 1949 facets of scientific and popular science articles. In 1945, Hol Clement writes the story "Uncommon Sense" ("An Unusual Sense", for which he was later awarded Retro Hugo (1996).

Hol Clement works most fruitfully in the mid-50s.

The best creation of Clement is recognized as "Expedition" Gravitation "" (Brilliantly translated into Russian by the Strugatsky brothers), the novel appeared in 1953 and gave rise to the beginning of the Mesklinite cycle of the author`s works.

The fantastic planet Mesklin is a huge empty bowl, or a lens, revolving around the star Beln in an elongated orbit, the force of gravity at its poles in 700 times the Earth`s gravity Most of the population lives closer to its bottom, where gravity is normal for them.But there are daredevil travelers, including Barlennan, a caterpillar-like creature forty centimeters long and five thick ...

In the 1950`s, Clement delights readers with stories "The Critical Factor" (1953), "How to Wipe the Dust?" (1956).

Five years after the "Expedition" Gravitation "" a second Roma appears n Mesklinite cycle - "At the critical line" (1958), and in 1970 - the third - "Starlight". In 1957, Clement wrote the novel Cycle of Fire (1957), which was well received by his readers. The author has constructed a complex biological model that has adapted to the monstrous changes in temperature on the planet of a double star. In a crisis period, beings are transformed by changing the organization. But the task is to transfer information between species, which is solved with the help of Books. It is not easy to walk a lava field and another two thousand miles with a stack of books on your back, even if you have clawed paws, for there is such an enemy as dehydration. Aboriginal Dar Lan Ahn would undoubtedly have died if it had not been for the psychologist Niels Kruger, a young man susceptible to contacts with other civilizations ...

After the war, Hol Clement settled in Milton and for forty years until 1987 he taught in high school and in Milton Academy. Clement married Mary Elizabeth Myers in 1952. He left behind two sons (George Clement and Richard Myers), daughter Christina Hensel. Hall Clement is the author of fifteen novels and about fifty novellas and short stories. On May 1, 1999 in Pittsburgh he was awarded the honorary title of "Grand Master" ("Grand Master") by the "Nebula" (Science Fiction Writers Association SFWA). Harry Clement Stubbs, better known to science fiction readers as Hall Clement, lived a long interesting life and died in his sleep in the early morning of October 29, 2003. This man lived and worked for people. It is noteworthy that he donated about 25 gallons of his blood to the Red Cross. He is an honorary member of a number of teacher associations. But above all, he is Hall Clement, an excellent writer of science fiction novels and short stories. Fantastic, whose credo is to come up with an "absolutely incredible", but at the same time, a completely logical world. To come up with its nature, its laws, its inhabitants. Come up with ...

- and give it life! Bibliography * Expedition "Gravitation" * At a critical point * Starlight * Critical factor * Fire cycle

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Hal Clement (English Hal Clement) (May 30, 1922 - October 29, 2003) - American science fiction writer, "techie". Real name - Harry Clement Stubbs (English Harry Clement Stubbs). Biography Harry Clement Stubbs was born on May 30, 1922 in Somerville, USA (Massachusetts). The future writer spent his childhood in Greater Boston, where he attended schools in Arlington and Cambridge. He then graduated from Rinj Technical College in 1939. In 1943, he received a BA in Astronomy from Harvard University, then an MA in Education from Boston University (1946) and an MA in Chemistry from Simmons College (1963). After graduating from Harvard, joining the Army Air Corps during World War II, Harry Stubbs received lieutenant insignia and wings from a B-24 bomber pilot (Liberator) at Stuart Field, New York. Becoming a pilot, Stubbs flew 35 sorties with the US 8th Air Fleet, where he remained until 1951. After spending 8 months at an Air Force base and six months as a technical instructor at the School of Special Combat Training (New Mexico), in 1953, Stubbs retired from his military career and transferred to the US Air Force reserve. He retired to the reserve in 1976 with the rank of colonel. Stubbs` interest in both science and science fiction manifested itself, as he wrote in his autobiography, in 1930, when he saw a series of comic books about Buck Rogers and his flights to Mars. His father, being an accountant, could not answer young Harry`s questions and took him to the Arlington Public Library. Harry returned with a book on astronomy in one hand, and Journey to the Moon by J. Verne in the other. Hall Clement`s first science fiction story appeared in Campbell`s Astounding Science Fiction in 1942 (Proof), and his first novel, Needle, in 1949 facets of scientific and popular science articles. In 1945, Hol Clement writes the story "Uncommon Sense" ("An Unusual Sense", for which he was later awarded Retro Hugo (1996). Hol Clement works most fruitfully in the mid-50s. The best creation of Clement is recognized as "Expedition" Gravitation "" (Brilliantly translated into Russian by the Strugatsky brothers), the novel appeared in 1953 and gave rise to the beginning of the Mesklinite cycle of the author`s works. The fantastic planet Mesklin is a huge empty bowl, or a lens, revolving around the star Beln in an elongated orbit, the force of gravity at its poles in 700 times the Earth`s gravity Most of the population lives closer to its bottom, where gravity is normal for them.But there are daredevil travelers, including Barlennan, a caterpillar-like creature forty centimeters long and five thick ... In the 1950`s, Clement delights readers with stories "The Critical Factor" (1953), "How to Wipe the Dust?" (1956). Five years after the "Expedition" Gravitation "" a second Roma appears n Mesklinite cycle - "At the critical line" (1958), and in 1970 - the third - "Starlight". In 1957, Clement wrote the novel Cycle of Fire (1957), which was well received by his readers. The author has constructed a complex biological model that has adapted to the monstrous changes in temperature on the planet of a double star. In a crisis period, beings are transformed by changing the organization. But the task is to transfer information between species, which is solved with the help of Books. It is not easy to walk a lava field and another two thousand miles with a stack of books on your back, even if you have clawed paws, for there is such an enemy as dehydration. Aboriginal Dar Lan Ahn would undoubtedly have died if it had not been for the psychologist Niels Kruger, a young man susceptible to contacts with other civilizations ... After the war, Hol Clement settled in Milton and for forty years until 1987 he taught in high school and in Milton Academy. Clement married Mary Elizabeth Myers in 1952. He left behind two sons (George Clement and Richard Myers), daughter Christina Hensel. Hall Clement is the author of fifteen novels and about fifty novellas and short stories. On May 1, 1999 in Pittsburgh he was awarded the honorary title of "Grand Master" ("Grand Master") by the "Nebula" (Science Fiction Writers Association SFWA). Harry Clement Stubbs, better known to science fiction readers as Hall Clement, lived a long interesting life and died in his sleep in the early morning of October 29, 2003. This man lived and worked for people. It is noteworthy that he donated about 25 gallons of his blood to the Red Cross. He is an honorary member of a number of teacher associations. But above all, he is Hall Clement, an excellent writer of science fiction novels and short stories. Fantastic, whose credo is to come up with an "absolutely incredible", but at the same time, a completely logical world. To come up with its nature, its laws, its inhabitants. Come up with ... - and give it life! Bibliography * Expedition "Gravitation" * At a critical point * Starlight * Critical factor * Fire cycle