The Facts in Case of M. Valdemar

The Facts in Case of M. Valdemar by Edgar Allan Poe

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Edgar Allan Poe

A book by Edgar Allan Poe

Edgar Allan Poe ( Edgar Allan Poe ; January 19, 1809 - October 7, 1849) A genius prose writer. A genius poet. A tragic fate from birth to death. The very concept of genius - capacious and difficult to define precisely - is for Edgar Poe. His influence as a writer and poet on world literature is enormous - Charles Baudelaire and French Symbolism, practically the entire Russian Silver Age. For more than 150 years, separating us from the death of the brilliant writer, many of his biographies have been written - voluminous books and small notes, serious research and erroneous theories. Despite their significant number, the life and death of Edgar Allan Poe remains a mystery. It is difficult to imagine whether it will be solved in the future. The absence of documents (there is not even a certificate of his birth), the contradictory memories, the desire of some authors either to hide the facts, or to adjust them to their own assumptions, also affects. Edgar`s parents, actors David...

The Facts in Case of M. Valdemar PDF

Edgar Allan Poe ( Edgar Allan Poe ; January 19, 1809 - October 7, 1849) A genius prose writer. A genius poet. A tragic fate from birth to death. The very concept of genius - capacious and difficult to define precisely - is for Edgar Poe. His influence as a writer and poet on world literature is enormous - Charles Baudelaire and French Symbolism, practically the entire Russian Silver Age. For more than 150 years, separating us from the death of the brilliant writer, many of his biographies have been written - voluminous books and small notes, serious research and erroneous theories. Despite their significant number, the life and death of Edgar Allan Poe remains a mystery. It is difficult to imagine whether it will be solved in the future. The absence of documents (there is not even a certificate of his birth), the contradictory memories, the desire of some authors either to hide the facts, or to adjust them to their own assumptions, also affects. Edgar`s parents, actors David Poe Jr. and Elizabeth Arnold Hopkins, married in 1806. The eldest son - William Henry - was born in 1807, Edgar - on January 19, 1809, a year later their sister Rosalie was born. Edgar`s mother died in December 1811 in Richmond (the most likely cause is pneumonia). Around the same time, their father died, who had left the family shortly before. The story of the death of parents in the fire of the Richmond Theater is nothing more than a legend. The children ended up in different families. Edgar Poe was brought up by tobacco businessman John Allan and his wife Francis. Allan Edgar received his middle name at his baptism in 1812. Allan did not officially adopt him. From 1814 Edgar attended various schools in the USA and England (1815-20). The first (documented) work dates back to 1824. This is a two-line poem that was not included in any of the collections. In 1826. Poe entered the University of Virginia, from which he was expelled for large gambling debts. John Allan refused to pay them, and subsequently did not mention Edgar in his will. There was a gap between them. At the same time, his engagement to Elmira Royster, who married another, was upset. Under the name of Edgar Perry Poe entered the army. In 1827 in Boston in the amount of 50 copies. published his first book "Tamerlane and Other Poems", signed "Boston". For many years the search for this book was unsuccessful (which allowed Rufus Wilmot Griswold - the "black demon" in the fate of Poe`s legacy - to declare that this book did not exist at all, and Poe himself was a deceitful person). In 1880, a copy of this book was found in the British Museum. Having reached the rank of sergeant of artillery, Poe retired from service and settled in Baltimore with his aunt Mary Poe Clemm (whose daughter Virginia later became his wife). Here he published his second collection of poems. In 1830, Edgar entered the West Point Military Academy, but since he did not like his military career, he began to skip classes, and was expelled by a military court. In 1831 Poe`s poems were published in New York. His short stories are published in Philadelphia, albeit without the name of the author. In 1833, he received his first fee ($ 50) for the story "Manuscript Found in a Bottle". In 1836-37. Poe was editor of the Richmond Southern Liyerary Magazine. In 1836 he married Virginia. They moved to New York, a year later to Philadelphia. The Philadelphia period of creativity was the most fruitful. Poe wrote poetry and stories. He worked as editor of "Gentlemen`s Magazine", then "Graham`s Magazine". Attempts to organize their own magazine, "Penn", ended in failure. In April 1841, Graham`s magazine presented Poe`s Murder in the Rue Morgue, the first detective story. A new literary genre is being born. In 1842 Poe leaves Graham. It seemed to him that he did not pay enough for his work, but in the future he would not be able to earn even the money that he received from Graham. In 1846. Poe moved to New York. Attempts to open a new magazine - "Stylus" remained unfulfilled. Due to financial problems in 1846, Broadway magazine was closed, which by that time was owned by Edgar Poe. Poe moved to Fordham. Virginia dies here in January 1847 (currently the writer`s museum is located there). In 1848, Edgar proposes to the poet Sarah Whitman, but she declines it due to Poe`s addiction to alcohol. Then he proposes to his ex-fiancee Elmira Royster Shelton, who was widowed by that time. She agrees, and Poe begins attending the Sons of Temperance anti-alcohol society. On September 28, 1849, Poe arrived in Baltimore. A few days later, he was found in serious condition and wearing someone else`s clothes by bystanders on a city bench. Arrived at the hospital, he died there on October 7, 1849. The death of Edgar Poe is one of the most insoluble mysteries. He was discovered by Joseph Walker, who, at his request, contacted Dr. Snodgrass and the writer`s uncle, Henry Herring. The doctor`s first impression was that Poe was in a state of severe alcohol intoxication. The first (and most common) version of death is alcoholic. The writer`s father and older brother were chronic alcoholics. It is common knowledge that Poe drank, but his addiction was drunken. He could drink for weeks (as during his wife`s illness) or not touch alcohol for months. This version is supported by the testimony of doctors who treated Edgar and warned him about the possibility of serious consequences from alcoholism. In addition, it is difficult to explain otherwise why Edgar again ended up in Baltimore, if he left it the day before. The only reason that many researchers came up with was that Edgar mixed up the trains and got on the return to Baltimore. The second version (also medical) is based on the possibility of a mental disorder. The last years of his life, Edgar suffered from mental disorders of the brain. The third (weakest) version insisted that the writer could become an accidental victim of gang violence. In those days, unscrupulous politicians often hired bandits to intimidate voters. Since local elections were held in Baltimore in those days, Poe could have been accidentally injured, and someone else`s clothes on him should have made it difficult to identify. The latest version speaks of a banal robbery. According to one testimony, Poe had $ 1,500 with him to start a new magazine, and the money was never found with him. Poe`s ill-wishers, unable to comprehend the scope of his talent, found an explanation for his fantasy in alcohol and drugs. Allegations of drug addiction were based solely on the writer`s creative manner of telling the story from the first number (including in those works where opium was mentioned). Thus, there was an erroneous identification of the narrator from the works with the personality of the author himself. The detective work of Edgar Poe is small in volume - a cycle of three stories about Auguste Dupin: Murder on the Rue Morgue (1841), The Mystery of Marie Roger (1842-43), The Stolen Letter (1844); a short story “You are the husband who did this” (1844) and reckoned by some researchers to these works - “The Golden Beetle” (1843). But the writer`s creative finds in these few works became invaluable for the development of a new genre. This is a logical analysis used to solve a crime, a method of highlighting the unusual mental abilities of an investigating hero against the background of the presence of a close friend, friend or police officer, and much more. Poe`s misadventures did not end after his death. On the day of his funeral, a libelous obituary was published in the New York Tribune, signed by Ludwig. Behind him was the same Rufus Griswold, who, with the consent of Poe`s aunt (and mother-in-law), for many years arrogated to himself the sole right to publish the writer`s works. In 1860, Sarah Whitman (the one who once rejected the marriage proposal) published the book "Edgar Poe and His Critics" in defense of the writer. Griswold`s monopoly was ended in 1874 (by that time he had already died), and John Henry Ingmar, who found Poe`s first book in the British Museum and wrote a two-volume biography of the writer, took over the book publishing. In 1910, the name of Edgar Allan Poe was inducted into the New York Hall of Fame. In 1922, the Old Stones Museum was opened in Richmond, so named because it was built from the blocks of Poe`s house and the editorial building of his first magazine. In memory of the great writer, the highest honor of the American Detective Writers Association began to bear the name of Edgar Poe. From sites - Detective. Declaration of love ;  site dedicated to Edgar Allan Poe ;  The Collected Works of Edgar Allan Poe . An interesting article - "Another riddle of Edgar Poe" . Biography of Edgar Allan Poe in the series "The Lives of Remarkable People - " Edgar Poe "Hervey Allen