Daniel Defoe Books



Daniel Defoe (English Daniel Defoe ; born about 1660, Cripplegate — April 26, 1731, Moorfields) – English writer and publicist, known mainly as the author of “Robinson Crusoe”. Born into the family of a Presbyterian butcher, he was preparing to become a pastor, but had to give up his church career. After graduating from Newington Academy, where he studied Greek and Latin languages ​​and classical literature, he became a clerk at a wholesale hosiery. On commercial affairs he often visited Spain and France, where he got acquainted with the life of Europe and improved his language skills. Subsequently, he himself was at one time the owner of the hosiery production and then first the manager, and then the owner of a large brick-tile factory, but went bankrupt. In general, Defoe was a businessman with an adventurous streak – a type common in that era. He was also one of the most active politicians of his time. A true son of his turbulent century, Defoe experienced the vicissitudes of fate more than once: he embarked on risky adventures, went bankrupt, got rich, went bankrupt again and made capital again. He tried the professions of a merchant, sailor, journalist, spy, politician, and at the age of 59 he became a writer. A talented publicist, pamphleteer and publisher, he, without officially holding any public office, at one time had a great influence on the king and the government. Defoe`s literary activity began with political pamphlets (anonymous) and newspaper articles. He showed himself as a talented satirist and publicist. He wrote on various political topics. In one of his works – “Project Experience” – he proposes to improve communication routes, to open banks, savings banks for the poor and insurance companies. The significance of his projects was enormous, considering that at that time almost nothing of the proposed by him existed. The functions of banks were performed by usurers and goldsmiths-money changers. The Bank of England, one of the centers of the world`s financial capital today, had just opened at that time. Defoe gained especially wide popularity from the time of the appearance of his pamphlet “The True Englishman”. Eighty thousand copies were sold semi-legally on the streets of London in a matter of days. The appearance of this pamphlet is due to the attacks of the aristocracy on King William III, who defended the interests of the bourgeoisie. The aristocrats attacked, in particular, the king because he was not an Englishman, but a foreigner, who even spoke English poorly. Defoe came out in his defense and, not so much defending the king as attacking the aristocracy, argued that the ancient aristocratic families originated from the Norman pirates, and the new ones – from the French lackeys, hairdressers and tutors who poured into England during the restoration of the Stuarts. After the publication of this pamphlet, Daniel Defoe became close to the king and rendered tremendous services to the English bourgeoisie in obtaining trade privileges and securing them by parliamentary acts.  Author`s Wikipedia page

Robinson Crusoe

Робинзон Крузо / Robinson Crusoe

A Journal of the Plague Year

Robinson Crusoe

The Further Adventures of Robinson Crusoe