Robert Ervin Howard ( Robert E Howard ). 01/22/1906 – 06/11/1936 Robert Irwin Howard was born in Pester, Texas. The family moved frequently from place to place until they settled in Cross Plains in 1919. The small town of Cross Plains had about 2,000 inhabitants in the 1920s. Robert Howard attended High School, Howard Payne College. He spoke little with his classmates, read a lot. He called his favorite writers Arthur Conan Doyle, Jack London, Mark Twain, Ryder Haggard, Rudyard Kipling, Walter Scott, Ambrose Bierce, Edgar Allan Poe, Howard Phillips Lovecraft; favorite poets – the same Kipling and Poe, Omar Khayyam, Gilbert Chesterton, Oscar Wilde and many others. While still at school, Robert began to send stories to various magazines. His first professional publication was the story “Spear and Fang”, published in Weird Tales in 1924. After leaving school, Howard worked as a secretary in a notary office, as a laborer in a geological party, as a newspaper reporter, in a pharmacy. In late 1926, convinced that writing would not feed him, he completed an accounting course at Howard Payne College in Brownwood. There he begins to write again – mostly humorous stories for the college newspaper, but sends several stories to magazines. In 1928, it began to be published again – first a series of stories about Solomon Cana, then – about Kull. Since 1930, Howard has been a regular contributor to Weird Tales, Oriental Stories and Flight Stories. In 1932, weird Tales published the first stories of the series about Bran McMorn and Conan. Howard is doing well, he publishes regularly. However, in 1935, his mother undergoes a serious operation, after which she falls into a coma. Howard, unable to come to terms with this and in despair of not being able to pay the bills for treatment, committed suicide by shooting himself in his car. His mother survived him only for a few hours. Lyon Sprague de Camp on Robert Irwin Howard in The Eternal Dreamer: “… Robert E. Howard -“ Robert ”for family members and“ Bob ”for a few close friends – was a mystery not only to his father, but to much more young people who knew him well. Tevis Clyde Smith, the first publisher and loyal friend until the end of Howard`s life, was often grieved by Bob`s bitterness, his frequent references to suicidal tendencies, and unreasonable fears of non-existent enemies. He wrote that Bob was so seriously expecting an attack that he wore pants two inches shorter than the fashion of the time and high boxing boots because he wanted to be ready to defend himself at any moment. When Howard was seized by fits of candor, he tried to personify himself with his ancestors, of whom he was undoubtedly proud. In his business, he considered himself a pioneer, just as his great-grandfathers were the pioneers of the Wild West. “I was the first,” he said, “who lit the torch of literature in this country, no matter how weak its flame was.” His work was the activity of a loner. Howard became a writer in spite of his surroundings, and paid for it with loneliness. He wrote: “… it is not easy to do business, completely alien to people, among whom you are determined to be by fate.” His profession was truly so alien to his surroundings that few people at Cross Plains even tried to understand the reclusive young man living among them. They preferred not to notice him at all, or to consider him just an eccentric. And who can blame the good citizens of Cross Plains for their lack of understanding? Howard himself was not fully aware of the significance of his innovation. He was not only the first person in West Texas to make his living as a writer, but also the first American novelist to master a new literary genre – heroic fantasy, a genre now inextricably linked with his name. Only today, after almost five decades of relative oblivion, are the best of his works receiving worldwide recognition. The heroic plots of his narratives, the richness and vividness of the imagination, the ability to describe magic and secrets make his works truly outstanding. ” Wikipedia , Science Fiction Laboratory , the official site of the writer , Bibliography (Russian).