Grahame Kenneth Books



GRAHAM, KENNETH (Grahame, Kenneth) (1859-1932) Scottish writer. Born March 8, 1859 in Edinburgh. His mother died of scarlet fever in 1864, his alcoholic father left in 1867 for France, where he died twenty years later. Responsibility for the boy`s future was assumed by his uncles and aunts. Having shown outstanding ability at St Edward`s School in Oxford, Graham took a job as a clerk at the Bank of England; his requests for further education at Oxford University were rejected. The next 30 years of his life were spent in London. Having entered the banking service in 1879, he, having risen to the post of secretary, retired in 1908. Beginning in 1880 he wrote essays, some of them published in the book Pagan papers (1893). Graham`s truly literary career began when he was discovered by the critic and poet W.E. Henley (1849–1903), who published many of the young author`s writings in the National Observer magazine. There and in the magazine “Yellow Book” were published stories about childhood, which formed the books The Golden Age (The Golden Age, 1895) and Days of Dreams (Dream Days, 1898). Graham`s masterpiece, Wind in the Willows (1908), appeared at first in the form of letters to his son and stories of a dream coming at his bedside. This classic was the key to Graham`s immortality. Its meaning goes far beyond the amusing story of the beasts of the river. Here the writer embodied his yearning for the gardens of the Hesperides, where golden apples that give eternal youth grow, and expressed longing for the values ​​of patriarchal, pre-industrial England. After “The Wind in the Willows” Graham almost completely left literature, only occasionally speaking with essays, and after retirement moved closer to the Thames. The continuation of the “Willow Stories” series was written by William Horwood Graham died in Pangburn (Berkshire) on July 6, 1932. Taken from http: // www.krugosvet.ru

The Wind in the Willows