Dashil Hammett Books



Dashiell Hammett (eng. Samuel Dashiell Hammett ) Born: 05/27/1894 in St. Mary County, Maryland, USA Died: 01/10/1961 in New York, USA $ $ author-portrait-4665-hammett0.jpg $$ … $$ author-portrait-4665-hammett1.jpg $$ American writer and critic, author of classic detective novels, novellas and short stories. One of the founders, along with R. Chandler and D. M. Kane, of the tough detective genre. Samuel Dashiell Hammett was born on May 27, 1894 in St. Mary (Maryland, USA). By his mother, he belonged to the old French noble family de Chjell, from where the Anglicized version of her surname Dashil and the middle name of her son came; his father did not have a sustainable business, and partly because of this, Hammett graduated at the age of thirteen, leaving the first year of Baltimore Polytechnic College. In 1908, Hammett joined the oldest private detective agency Allan Pinkerton, where he worked, with a break from participating in the First World War as a volunteer for the medical service, until 1922. In 1921 he married a nurse, Josephine Nolan, and in 1921 his daughter Mary Jane was born. But in 1926, shortly after the birth of his second daughter, Josephine, Hammett left the family and began a literary career. Hammett published his first novel, The Red Harvest, in 1929. The fifth and final novel, The Thin Man, was published in 1934, after which Hammett was only involved in social activities. Hammett`s liberal and anti-fascist sympathies led to his joining the US Communist Party in 1937. In 1942, after Pearl Harbor, Hammett re-enlisted in the army and spent most of World War II in the Aleutian Islands editing a battle newspaper. In 1946-47. chaired the New York Congress on Citizens` Rights. In 1951, the writer spent six months in prison for contempt of court, shown by him during one of the trials of the communists during the rampant witch-hunt, and survived the expulsion of his books from the army libraries in 1953. In 1984, according to the bequest of L. Hellman, the D. Hammett Foundation for Aid to Writers Sharing Communist Beliefs was established in America. Hammett died in New York of lung cancer and, as a veteran of two wars, is buried in Arlington Memorial Cemetery. … Returning from the front, Hammett at one time wrote advertising texts, but after 1922 he completely switched to literary activity. He joined the detective through criticism, maintaining a regular column – a review of new works in the New York Evening Post; simultaneously wrote and published poetry, crime stories. In 1923, the first story about an employee of the Continental detective agency appeared in the Black Mask pulp magazine. Hammett did not give him a name, and he entered the history of literature as the Operative (Continental Op). The Pinkerton agency was the prototype for Continental. The cycle about the Operative includes more than twenty stories, in 1929 some of them were combined into novels: “The Bloody Harvest” and “The Curse of the Dane.” Hammett is considered one of the founders of a new direction, called hard-boiled detective. The etymology of this term is interesting. Hard-boiled was the name in the American army for junior military personnel who wore tightly starched stiff collars and were distinguished by the brutal drill of recruits. Gradually, the word received a broad interpretation and first appeared in F. S. Fitzgerald in 1925. Unlike the then dominant English (Doyle, Christie) intellectual tradition, the tough detective, played by Hammett and his quickly emerging followers, appealed to a tough force, fighting evil with its own methods. On the other hand, Hammett was portrayed as a cold realist in his depiction of the criminal environment. For Americans in the twenties and thirties (the period of the great depression and rampant mafia structures), murders with handmade dueling pistols, curare poison or poisoned fish, noted another master detective Raymond Chandler, seemed to be nothing more than a game, while Hammett showed real bandits and murderers with real murder weapons, such as they really are, made them think and speak the way they say in life. In literary terms proper (simplicity of syllable, mastery of dialogue, dynamics of action, choice of character of the hero) Hammett was guided by the work of E. Hemingway. Dashil Hammett`s talent flourished in one five-year period – from 1929 to 1934; it was then that all his novels were written, translated into Russian. Later, he plunged headlong into the world of Hollywood, filming his works, but did not give up writing, although the opposite is stated in Soviet publications. In 1930, Hammett published his most famous novel, The Maltese Falcon. The main character of the novel is private detective Sam Spade. In 1932, Hammett made Spade the hero of three more stories. Hammett called The Glass Key (1931) his best novel. Since The Thin Man, Hammett has only written radio and film scripts. In addition to memoir books (Memoirs of a Private Detective, 1934; War in the Aleutian Islands, 1944 – about his own service during the Second World War as a private volunteer), he published several collections of stories, as well as a number of plays, one of which was written with Lillian Hellman – a long-term Hammett`s life partner. Hammett`s novels, of course, show no direct connection to his fifties biography. His heroes are, first of all, people who have their own ideas about justice, order, and individual rights. It, perhaps, can be interpreted as coming into conflict with the law, but there is no reason to doubt the nobility of their goals. And finally, Hammett`s novels, taken as a whole, contain, among other things, in a compressed form such a number of genre finds and plot traps, that their traces can be seen in the works of many, even major detective masters, who entered literature after him. $$ hammett2.jpg $$ Raymond Chandler characterized Hammett`s prose as follows: From the first (and to the last) steps of his writing career, he wrote about energetic and aggressive people. They are not afraid of the seamy side of life, they, in fact, are only accustomed to seeing it. They are not upset by the rampant violence – they are old acquaintances with it. <...> He portrayed these people as they were in reality, and endowed them with a living speech, which was characteristic of them. Hemmett was an excellent stylist, but his readers did not even know about it, because he did not speak at all in the way, in their opinion, an elegant stylist. The Bulgarian writer and subtle connoisseur of the history of the world detective Bogomil Rainov wrote about him: < em> Dashil Hammett, unlike many of his predecessors, has accumulated experience and knowledge not by reading old detective novels and not through armchair exercises in solving imaginary murders, but in the real criminal world that exists in concrete reality and, despite this, remained outside for so much time field of vision of so many generations of writers. Sources – Wikipedia Site” Detective Method “

The Dain Curse

The Glass Key

The Maltese Falcon

Afraid Of A Gun and Other Stories

Nightmare Town

Afraid Of A Gun and Other Stories

Red Harvest

The Glass Key

The Maltese Falcon

The Adventures Of Sam Spade

The Dain Curse

The Thin Man

The Thin Man

Woman in the Dark

The Dain Curse