Andrey Platonovich Platonov Books



[float = left] [/ float] Andrey Platonov (real name Andrey Platonovich Klimentov ) (1899-1951) – Russian Soviet writer, prose writer, one of the most distinctive in style Russian writers of the first half of the XX century. Andrey was born on August 28 (16), 1899 in Voronezh, in the family of the railway locksmith Platon Firsovich Klimentov. However, traditionally, it is customary to celebrate his birthday on September 1. Andrey Klimentov studied at a parish school, then at a city school. At the age of 15 (according to some sources, already at the age of 13) he started working to support his family. According to Platonov: “We had a family … 10 people, and I am the eldest son – one worker, except for my father. My father … could not feed such a horde.” “Life immediately turned me from a child into an adult, depriving me of my youth.” Until 1917, he changed several professions: he was an auxiliary worker, foundry worker, locksmith, etc., about which he wrote in the early stories “Next” (1918) and “Serega and I” [ / i] (1921). Participated in the civil war as a front-line correspondent. Since 1918, he published his works, collaborating with several newspapers as a poet, publicist and critic. In 1920, he changed his last name from Klimentov to Platonov (the pseudonym was formed on behalf of the writer`s father), and also joined the RCP (b), but a year later he voluntarily left the party. In 1921 his first publicistic book “Electrification” was published, and in 1922 – a book of poetry “Blue Depth”. In 1924 he graduated from the Polytechnic and began working as a land reclamator and electrical engineer. In 1926, Platonov was recalled to work in Moscow in the People`s Commissariat for Land. Was sent to engineering and administrative work in Tambov. In the same year were written “Epiphany sluices”, “Etheric tract”, “City of Gradov” , which brought him fame. Platonov moved to Moscow, becoming a professional writer. Gradually, Platonov`s attitude to revolutionary transformations changes until they are not accepted. His prose ( “City of Gradov”, “Doubted Makar” , etc.) often aroused criticism. In 1929, A.M. Gorky and the novel by Platonov “Chevengur” was banned from publication. In 1931, the published work “For the future” caused a sharp condemnation of A. A. Fadeev and I. V. Stalin. After that, Platonov practically ceases to print. Novels “Pit”, “Juvenile Sea” , novel “Chevengur” were able to see the light of day only in the late 1980s and received worldwide recognition. In 1931-1935 Andrei Platonov worked as an engineer in the People`s Commissariat of Heavy Industry, but continues to write (play “High Voltage” , story “Juvenile Sea” ). In 1934, the writer, together with a group of colleagues, went to Turkmenistan. After this trip, the story “Jan” , the story “Takyr” , article “About the first socialist tragedy” , etc. appeared. Platonov appears in print mainly as a literary critic. Under various pseudonyms, he is published in the magazines “Literary Critic”, “Literary Review” and others. He is working on the novel “Journey from Moscow to St. Petersburg” (his manuscript was lost at the beginning of the war), writes children`s plays [ i] “Granny`s hut”, “Kind Titus”, “Step-daughter” . In 1937, his story “The Potudan River” was published. In May of the same year, his 15-year-old son Platon was arrested, who returned after the troubles of Platonov`s friends from imprisonment in the fall of 1940, terminally ill with tuberculosis. He died in January 1943. With the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, the writer and his family are evacuated to Ufa, where a collection of his military stories “Under the skies of the Motherland” is published. In 1942, he volunteered for the front as a private, but soon became a military journalist, a front-line correspondent for the Red Star. Despite suffering from tuberculosis, Platonov did not leave the service until 1946. At this time, his war stories appear in print: “Armor”, “Spiritual people” (1942), “There is no death!” (1943), “Aphrodite “ (1944), ” Towards the Sunset “ (1945), etc. For the story of Platonov published at the end of 1946 – ” Return “ (original title “The Ivanov Family” ), the writer came under new criticism the following year and was accused of slandering the Soviet system. After that, the opportunity to print his works was closed for Platonov. In the late 1940s, deprived of the opportunity to earn a living by writing, Platonov was engaged in the literary processing of Russian and Bashkir fairy tales that were published in children`s magazines. Platonov died on January 5, 1951 in Moscow from tuberculosis, which he contracted while caring for his son. In 1954, his book “The Magic Ring and Other Tales” was published. With the Khrushchev “thaw”, his other books began to be published (his main works became known only in the 1980s). However, all of Platonov`s publications during the Soviet period were accompanied by significant censorship restrictions. Some of Andrei Platonov`s works were discovered only in the 1990s (for example, the novel “Happy Moscow” written in the 30s). [hr] Article about the writer on Wikipedia Site dedicated to Andrey Platonov Another site dedicated to Andrey Platonov

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