Miyamoto Musashi / 宮本 武 蔵 , also known as Shimmen Takezo, Miyamoto Bennosuke, Shimmen Musashi-no-Kami Fujiwara-no-Genshin, or under his Buddhist name Niten Doraku – Japanese ronin, considered one of the most famous swordsmen in Japanese history. Painter, sculptor and calligrapher. Contemporaries gave him the nickname Kensei (“Holy Sword”). Musashi became famous for his outstanding sword technique, which he honed from early childhood in many fights using a wooden sword. He is the founder of the Hyoho Niten Ichi-ryu school or the samurai art of two-sword fighting, nito-ryu. School “Earth and Heaven”. He introduced the concept of bokken as a very real combat weapon, not a training one. He successfully used the technique of fighting with two swords, long – katana and short – wakizashi. Also two years before his death, having retired to a cave on Mount Kimpo near the city of Kumamoto, he wrote “The Book of the Five Rings” about the tactics, strategy and philosophy of military craft, which is still very popular today. Almost nothing is known about the first years of Miyamoto Musashi`s life. In his book, he writes that he was born in the village of Miyamoto in the province of Mimasaka. In Niten Ki, the date of birth is 1584. Musashi had his first duel at the age of 13, his opponent was Arima Kihei, a samurai from the Shinto-ryu martial arts school. Musashi threw him to the ground and hit him on the head with a stick, causing Kihei to choke on blood. Musashi fought his second fight when he was sixteen years old. He defeated the renowned fighter Akime Tadashime. Throughout his life, Musashi emerged victorious in a huge number of fights and participated in six wars, until finally, at the age of fifty, he calmed down and began to take stock. In The Book of Five Rings, Musashi gives his full name and title. It sounds like Shimmen Musashi no Kami Fujiwara no Genshin. His father, Shimmen Munisai, was a sword and jutte master who devoted his entire life to martial arts. Munisai`s father was Hirata Shogen, vassal of Shimmen Iga, lord of Takeyama Castle (modern Gifu Prefecture), Yoshino County in Mimasaka Province. Mr. Shimman took Hirata under his wing, thereby giving him and all of his descendants the name Shimman. 6 days before his death, Musashi made a spiritual testament (pronounced in Japanese as “Dokkodo”) for his students, which he called “The Only True Path.” Died June 13, 1645 in Higo Province, Japan.