George Orwell Books

George Orwell (George Orwell, real name Eric Arthur Blair; June 25, 1903 – January 21, 1950), English writer and publicist. Biography Born in Motihari (India) in the family of a British sales agent. Orwell attended St. Cyprian, in 1917 received a personal scholarship and until 1921 attended Eton College. From 1922 to 1927 he served in the colonial police in Burma, then lived for a long time in Great Britain and Europe, making a living by odd jobs, then he began writing fiction and journalism. From 1935 he published under the pseudonym “George Orwell”. Member of the Spanish Civil War 1936-1939 (book “In Memory of Catalonia”, 1938, essay “Remembering the War in Spain”, 1943, fully published in 1953), where he came close to the manifestations of factional struggle among the left: there, in 1936. , for me the story stopped. I knew from childhood that newspapers can lie, but only in Spain did I see that they can completely falsify reality. I personally participated in “battles” in which there was not a single shot and which were written about as heroic bloody battles, and I was in real battles, about which the press did not say a word, as if there were none. I saw fearless soldiers, glorified by the newspapers as cowards and traitors, and cowards and traitors, praised by them as heroes. Back in London, I saw how intellectuals build worldview systems and emotional relationships on these lies. – Orwell G. Homage to Catalonia and Looking back on the Spanish war. – L .: Secker & amp; Warburg, 1968, p. 234 Returning from Spain, he wrote a book about the Spanish Civil War, but his longtime publisher Victor Gollanz refused to publish it, citing the fact that the book could harm the cause of the fight against fascism. He wrote many essays and articles of a social-critical and cultural nature. During World War II, he hosted an anti-fascist program on the BBC. He died in London from tuberculosis. People sacrifice their lives for the sake of certain communities – for the sake of a nation, people, fellow believers, class – and they realize that they have ceased to be individuals only at the very moment when the bullets whistle. Feel them even a little deeper, and this devotion to the community would become a devotion to humanity itself, which is not at all an abstraction. Aldous Huxley`s Brave New World was a superb cartoon depicting a hedonistic utopia that seemed attainable, causing people to be so willingly deceived by their own conviction that the kingdom of God must be made a reality on earth in one way or another. But we must remain children of God, even if the God of the prayer books no longer exists. – Essay “Thoughts on the way” by J. Orwell (1943) And here is the second thing that I remember: an Italian from the police, who greeted me on the day I joined it. I wrote about him in the first pages of my book about the Spanish war and I don`t want to repeat myself here. As soon as I mentally see in front of me – completely alive! – this Italian in a greasy uniform, it is worth looking into this stern, soulful, immaculate face, and all complex calculations concerning the war lose their meaning, because I know one thing for sure: there could be no doubt on whose side the truth was. No matter what political intrigues were woven, no matter what lies were written in the newspapers, the main thing in this war was the desire of people like my Italian to find a decent life, which – they understood this – everyone deserves from birth. Thinking about what fate awaited this Italian is bitter, and for several reasons at once. Since we met in a military town named after Lenin, he apparently belonged either to the Trotskyists or to the anarchists, and in our extraordinary time such people are certainly killed – not by the Gestapo, but by the GPU. This, of course, fits into the general situation with all its persistent problems. The face of this Italian, whom I had only seen fleetingly, remained for me a visible reminder of what the war was about. I perceive him as a symbol of the European working class, which is being poisoned by the police of all countries, as the embodiment of the people – the one who went to mass graves on the fields of Spanish battles, the one who has now been driven into labor camps, where there are already several million prisoners … … All observations, confusing, all these sweet speeches of some Pétain or Gandhi, and the need to stain oneself with baseness fighting in the war, and the ambiguous role of England with its democratic slogans, as well as the empire where coolies work, and the sinister course of life in Soviet Russia , and the pitiful farce of leftist politics – all this turns out to be insignificant if you see the main thing: the struggle of the people gradually gaining consciousness with the owners, with their paid liars, with their henchmen. The question is simple. Will people like that Italian soldier recognize the dignified, truly human life that can be provided today, or is it not given to them? Will the common people be driven back to the slums, or will it fail? I myself, perhaps without sufficient grounds, believe that sooner or later an ordinary person will win his struggle, and I want this to happen not later, but earlier – say, in the next hundred years, and not in the next ten millennia. This is what was the real goal of the war in Spain, this is what is the real goal of the present war and possible wars of the future. – Essay “Remembering the war in Spain” by J. Orwell (1943) Creativity In the story “Animal Farm” (1945) he showed the rebirth of revolutionary principles and programs: “Animal Farm” is a parable, an allegory of the 1917 revolution and subsequent events in Russia. The dystopian novel 1984 (1949) was a sequel to Animal Farm. Orwell portrayed a possible future world society as a totalitarian hierarchical system based on sophisticated physical and spiritual enslavement, permeated with universal fear and hatred. In this book, the notorious “Big Brother is Watching You” sounded, as well as the well-known terms Doublethink, ThoughtCrime and Newspeak were introduced. Interesting facts * Despite the fact that many see the satire of the totalitarian system in Orwell`s works, the authorities have long suspected the writer of close ties with the communists. As the dossier on the writer declassified in 2007 showed, the British counterintelligence MI-5 from 1929 and almost until the writer`s death in 1950 had been following him. For example, in one of the dossier notes dated January 20, 1942, Agent Sgt Ewing describes Orwell as follows: “This man is spreading communist beliefs, and some of his Indian friends say they often saw him at communist meetings. He dresses in bohemian fashion both at work and during leisure hours. “This man has advanced communist views, and several of his Indian friends say that they have often seen him at communist meetings. He dresses in bohemian fashion both at his office and in his leisure hours “). According to the documents, the writer did take part in such meetings, and in the description he passed as “sympathetic to the communists.” Original works:

George Orwell Diaries

Animal Farm: A Fairy Story

Animal Farm

Down and Out in Paris and London

Why Socialists Don’t Believe in Fun

The Road to Wigan Pier



1984 (en)